Topics / EU vehicle targets

The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.

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Surveys the policy background, summarizes the key elements of the regulation and the expected effects, and puts the new rule in international context.

Summarizes the implications of the current mass-based CO2 targets in the EU and outlines three alternatives: do away with the utility parameter altogether; use vehicle footprint instead of mass; keep the mass utility parameter, but reduce its impact on manufacturers’ CO2 targets.

This briefing summarizes the eco-innovation provision, investigates the types and market uptake of approved eco-innovations, and discusses how regulatory developments could affect eco-innovations in the future.

2019.01.03

Surveys the policy background, summarizes the key elements of the regulation and the expected effects, and puts the new rule in international context.

Publication: Policy update
2018.08.08

Summarizes the implications of the current mass-based CO2 targets in the EU and outlines three alternatives: do away with the utility parameter altogether; use vehicle footprint instead of mass; keep the mass utility parameter, but reduce its impact on manufacturers’ CO2 targets.

Publication: Briefing
2018.07.11

This briefing summarizes the eco-innovation provision, investigates the types and market uptake of approved eco-innovations, and discusses how regulatory developments could affect eco-innovations in the future.

Publication: Briefing
2018.04.04
Recently I attended a workshop in the European Parliament on CO2 standards for new passenger cars
Blog Post
2018.01.09

Summarizes and evaluates key elements of the November 2017 European Commission proposal as it goes to the European Parliament and the European Council.

Publication: Briefing
2017.10.26

A synopsis of key findings from previous ICCT studies relevant to a 2025–2030 standard in the EU, including technology potential and associated compliance cost, the role of electrified vehicles, and the switch to a new emissions testing procedure.

Publication: Briefing
2017.09.18
Between minuscule electric vehicle (EV) sales, growing diesel shares, and Italian carmakers’ struggle to curb carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions, Italy seems to be heading in the wrong direction
Blog Post

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