Evaluates the level of technology adoption, costs, and efficiency improvement associated with alignment with the European Union’s 2021 emissions target of 95 gCO2/km (equivalent to 1.27 MJ/km) for new passenger cars in Brazil in 2023.
A step-by-step resource for conducting a freight assessment when the ultimate goal is to develop a green freight program. This document includes useful guidance and best practices on executing each of the four key elements of a freight assessment and provides examples of the types of analysis that the data collected will enable.
Reviews the global practices on electric vehicle consumer awareness activities, summarizing the projects, initiatives, and exemplary practices among national and subnational governments in consumer education, awareness, and outreach.
On August 30, 2016, China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) jointly released the first-ever national emission standards for marine engines used in domestic shipping in China. Phase I standards will take effect on July 1, 2018, and stricter Phase II standards will take effect on July 1, 2021.
Measures marine BC emissions in the lab and onboard two container ships, one with a modern Tier II main engine and another with an older Tier 0 engine outfitted with an exhaust gas cleaning system (EGCS).
The China 6 standard combines best practices from both European and U.S. regulatory requirements in addition to creating its own. This policy update provides detail on how this standard is unique, a comparison with emission regulations in other major markets, and a summary of the impact of this rule.
Analyzes the new trailer sales market and also interviewed a variety of experts from the trucking industry in Canada in order to estimate typical ownership cycles and activity rates for various types of trailers.
The Chinese Ministry of Industry, Information and Technology released, for public comments, proposed fuel-consumption standards for two- and three-wheeled vehicles (motorcycles and mopeds). Upon approval, the new standards will come into effect beginning on July 1, 2018, for the new type-approval model and beginning on July 1, 2019, for all new vehicle sales and registrations.
Highlights important innovations and trends in vehicle design technology and lightweighting, many of which were not considered when the 2025 CAFE standards were finalized, but promise to be quite cost-effective.
Assesses the market linkages between oils and fats commonly used as biodiesel and renewable diesel feedstocks.
Assesses major cities around the world with high electric vehicle uptake and summarizes the policy, charging infrastructure, and consumer awareness actions in place to help develop the electric vehicle market in those cities.
Summarizes projects, initiatives, and exemplary practices among electric utilities to promote the integration of electric vehicles and maximize their potential benefits.
Describes the details of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), the International Civil Aviation Organization’s market-based measure to offset most of the growth in aviation carbon dioxide emissions beginning in 2020.
Reviews the structure of EPA’s emission recall program for light-duty vehicles and trucks (LDV and LDT) and its effectiveness over time and also explains the recall authority, procedures, and coordination among offices.
Characterizes the climate and health benefits of adopting world-class standards for new vehicle efficiency/CO2 and conventional pollutant emissions in all members of the G20 Transport Task Group.
Develops a cost-benefit analysis to compare the impact of three separate policies to spur the additional production of ultralow-carbon fuels in California: a contract-for difference price guarantee, a per-gallon subsidy, and upfront capital grants. Uses a cashflow model to estimate the amount of new production of qualifying fuels in California from 2020 to 2030 and the cost per gallon for each policy.
Examines the benefits and costs of fuel-saving technologies for new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) in India over the next 10 years and, explores how various scenarios for the deployment of vehicles with these technologies will impact petroleum consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions over the next three decades.
Summarizes the European Commission's (EC) formal proposal to the EU Council and the European Parliament to recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED) 2009/28/EC2, which will expire at the end of 2020.