The maximum benefits of a fleet modernization program can be achieved by conducting a subsidized scrappage program along with early adoption of BS VI standards starting as soon as 2019.
Reviews and critiques a recent assessment of soil carbon changes resulting from the expansion of corn production for ethanol.
Makes recommendations for how India should use checks of on-board diagnostic systems (OBD) to identify malfunctioning emissions control systems in new vehicles and to lower the burden on the country’s testing facilities.
Overview of the main elements of the proposed rule, how it differs from the 2016 rule, and what it means for different types of biofuel pathways and blends.
Demonstrates that meeting Europe's 2030 climate and energy framework goals depends on a combination of policy measures that include CO2 standards for both cars and heavy trucks, improving vehicle testing regulations, and accelerating the transition to EVs.
Summarizes the specific actions to be implemented in the three key ECZs and compares them to standard emission control areas (ECAs) designated by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
Assesses the design and effectiveness of fiscal and other incentives for electric vehicles in Germany, the UK, France, the Netherlands, and Norway, at both national and, through a set of ten case studies, regional and city levels.
Emissions from the diesel engines of these two key types of non-road mobile sources are expected to be significant, and will potentially have strong negative impacts on local air quality and health in India.
Highlights the effects of disparities between real-world data and official road-load coefficients, used to set up vehicle type-approval test equipment, on fuel consumption and CO2 ratings for European passenger cars.
Prepares a proposal for a set of sustainability criteria that could be integrated into post-2020 EU legislation as a way to guarantee the sustainability of the next phase of the development of alternative fuels in Europe.
Summary of proposal to overhaul the legal framework for ensuring that vehicles meet all environmental and other regulatory requirements, with a focus on market surveillance, better enforcement practices, and vehicle recalls.
Oil prices will be lower in the future if low-carbon transport technologies are mass deployed, as these technologies will drive a significant reduction in global demand for oil.
This working paper details the differences in fuel specifications for commercial gasoline and diesel fuels in India and the EU, and assesses potential air pollutant emission impacts of these differences.
The proposed BS VI standards are far-reaching in scope and incorporate substantial changes to existing Bharat Stage III and IV emission standards. Of particular note is the tightening of particulate matter (PM) mass emission limits and the introduction of particle number (PN) limits for light- and heavy-duty vehicles (LDV, HDV) fitted with gasoline direct injection (GDI) and compression ignition (CI), or diesel, engines.
Describes case studies of energy cropping in Europe in the context of advanced biofuel and bioproducts sustainability.
Takes a closer look at three potential alternatives for OBD regulatory requirements that can be incorporated into the China 6 proposal. The ICCT recommends adopting CA OBDII with China 6 emission standards.
Reviews provisions of the U.S. and EU regulations that define and prohibit defeat devices, as well as automakers' public statements in the aftermath of VW's admission that it used such defeat devices, as context for evaluating reform proposals.
An assessment of vehicle fleet structure, fuel consumption, and emissions, with comparisons to the EU-28 market and other key global markets, and to the German auto sector in particular.