Surveys the existing literature on methodologies related to the certification of low ILUC biofuel projects through different measures. It also assesses the potential challenges, risks, and loopholes that could arise from the use of these methodologies.
Analyzes near-term electric vehicle trends to inform on how governments might optimally evolve their electric vehicle incentive programs to sustain market growth. Assess how electric vehicle costs are reduced in the 2020—2025 timeframe to estimate when the consumer proposition tips in favor of electric vehicles in leading markets.
Highlights developments in technologies that contribute to vehicle fuel efficiency by improving control of heat in the powertrain and the passenger cabin. Few thermal management technologies were explicitly incorporated into the technology projections for the US 2025 CAFE standards.
Summarizes results from on-road testing of seven Euro 6-regulated gasoline and diesel vehicles carried out by Emissions Analytics between 2015 and 2016 concerning emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and particulates.
Identifies auto markets with highest electric vehicle shares by region in the U.S., including smaller and medium size metropolitan areas. Analyzes electric vehicle promotion actions in place that are accelerating market development in the leading markets.
Summarizes potential gains from known efficiency technologies in new freight-hauling tractor-trailers and rigid delivery trucks and presents a rationale for introducing and upgrading HDV efficiency standards in major markets.
Analyzes emerging electric vehicle technologies in terms of their electric range, vehicle models offered, and battery capacity. Assesses potential for increased global production volume from automobile manufacturers and battery suppliers, and the implications for reduced battery pack costs through 2023.
An analysis of trends and developments in turbocharged, downsized gasoline engines since the 2017–2025 light duty GHG/CAFE rule written by EPA and NHTSA in 2012.
Compares the uptake of a range of vehicle technologies such as variable valve timing, gasoline direct injection, turbocharging, stop/start, as well as transmission and hybridization technologies in the U.S. and EU in recent years.
One in a series of technical briefs highlighting important innovations and trends in transmissions, which, overall, are similar to efficiency benefits and cost projections made at the time the 2025 CAFE standards were finalized.
MEPC’s 70th session will consider two topics that may greatly reduce the amount of HFO used in the Arctic: a global marine fuel sulfur cap of 0.5% (currently it is 3.5%), and whether or not HFO use in the Arctic should be formally placed on the MEPC agenda. This paper provides key information needed to evaluate the potential risks HFO has to the Arctic environment.
Analyzes the state of the electric vehicle market development and the actions that are driving it. Catalogues electric vehicle promotion analysis and identifies best practice policies across the 50 most populous U.S. metropolitan area. Applies a statistical analysis to discern links between the promotion actions and electric vehicle uptake.
Assesses the impact of market and political uncertainty on the real value of financial incentives from low-carbon fuel policies. Provides a detailed policy proposal and scenario analysis for a novel financing mechanism to support ultralow-carbon fuel production in California using a contract for difference (CfD) policy.
Based on more than a year of exchanges, this synthesis report presents five recommendations for a 2030 European policy for transport fuels regarding sustainability, carbon-intensity, incentives, competing uses and innovation.
The proposal would essentially add a new NEV credit program to the existing corporate average fuel consumption regulation for passenger cars overseen by MIIT.
An analysis of trends and developments in thermal management technology since the 2017–2025 light duty GHG/CAFE rule written by EPA and NHTSA in 2012.
Finds that fuel consumption of new aircraft designs could be cut by 25% in 2024 and 40% in 2034 using cost-effective emerging technologies—double the rate of improvement seen in designs coming from manufacturers now in response to market forces alone.
Independent, transparent estimates of the incremental benefits and costs of applying fuel-burn-reducing technology packages to new aircraft in the near- and mid-term.
Assesses feasibility, benefits, and costs of phasing out HFC-134a from the Chinese LDV fleet, focusing on three alternatives—HFO-1234yf, HFC-152a and CO2 (R-744)—most likely to be adopted by automakers with a global supply chain.
Current non-road regulatory programs lag behind comparable programs for on-road diesel engines, and are not stringent enough to compel the use of the best available technologies for the control of PM and NOx emissions.