Develops a cost-benefit analysis to compare the impact of three separate policies to spur the additional production of ultralow-carbon fuels in California: a contract-for difference price guarantee, a per-gallon subsidy, and upfront capital grants. Uses a cashflow model to estimate the amount of new production of qualifying fuels in California from 2020 to 2030 and the cost per gallon for each policy.
Examines the benefits and costs of fuel-saving technologies for new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) in India over the next 10 years and, explores how various scenarios for the deployment of vehicles with these technologies will impact petroleum consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions over the next three decades.
Summarizes the European Commission's (EC) formal proposal to the EU Council and the European Parliament to recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED) 2009/28/EC2, which will expire at the end of 2020.
Provides background information and a detailed overview of the RDE legislation, as well as a discussion of its strengths and areas for improvement.
Examines the potential impact of the EU’s real-driving emissions regulation and ICCT’s proposed modifications on real-world emission factors of new diesel cars and projected passenger car fleet NOX emissions in the EU through 2030.
Identifies key differences in the regulations governing certification of NOx emissions from diesel cars (Euro 6) and trucks (Euro VI) that help explain differences in their real-world emissions performance. Ultimately, an examination of the HDV regulation reveals insights that could be used to improve the LDV regulation.
Analyzes the various fiscal incentive mechanisms available in India at a national and state level for hybrid and electric vehicles, and evaluates the relative contribution of such incentives in making these technologies cost-competitive in the Indian market, particularly in context to the central government’s flagship scheme, Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles (FAME).
Baseline for light-commercial vehicle fleets as well as for the M2 category of vehicles in India. The assessment focuses on the differences in fleet characteristics and technology adoption among LCV fleets in FY 2014-15 compared with FY 2011-12, as well as differences among manufacturers for FY 2014-15.
Evaluates alternative regulatory pathways for India’s agricultural tractors and construction equipment on the basis of air pollutant emissions.
This technical brief highlights important innovations and trends in downsized and turbocharged gasoline engines, several of which were not considered when the 2025 CAFE standards were finalized, but promise to be quite cost-effective.
Advances in lightweighting (mass-reduction) designs and technology have surpassed projections made for the U.S. 2025 vehicle CAFE/GHG standard. Overall, weight reduction of ~15% should be feasible by 2025, at costs about one-third of 2012 estimates.
A comprehensive investigation of mass, aerodynamic drag, and tire rolling resistance in Europe's LDV fleet, and estimates reductions in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions that could be achieved by reducing those driving resistances.
Annual statistical portrait of technologies, fuel consumption, and GHG and pollutant emissions in Europe's passenger car, light-commercial, and heavy-duty fleets.
Presents a global strategy to reduce fine particulate (PM2.5) and black carbon emissions from the global fleet of on-road diesel vehicles by identifying 36 countries for immediate action.
A concise overview of the EU's vehicle CO2 emission reduction requirements, targets for 2025–2030 that are coming under consideration, and current best projections of vehicle-specific CO2 reduction technology potential and costs in that time frame.
Presents detailed results and methodology of a study using computer simulation modeling, vehicle tear-down analysis, and additional supplementary data to estimate compliance costs of potential vehicle CO2 emission standards for the European passenger car and light-commercial vehicle fleets in 2025–2030.
Reports the results of simulation modeling and "tear-down" cost estimates of vehicle fuel-efficiency technologies, focused on the European fleet and using a 2025 time horizon, performed for the ICCT by the engineering consultancy FEV.
The European Commission has proposed the world’s toughest emission standards for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM), which will tighten restrictions and set stricter limits on emissions of particulate matter (PM).
Assesses the potential for energy crops to displace food crops in four countries in Europe and evaluates the relative profitability of these crops compared to existing food crops.
This update adds two new data sources, for a total of 13, covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2015.