Explores some of the compliance pathways available to heavy duty vehicle manufacturers. Specifically, this paper develops hypothetical technology packages for certain types of tractor trucks, vocational vehicles, and trailers using distinct technology strategies compares cost-effectiveness.
A comprehensive overview of vehicle remote sensing, an emissions measurement technique which has been used for more than 25 years to evaluate emissions from passing motor vehicles in real-world driving. Reviews technical details of the vehicle remote sensing test method, describes the multiple types of emissions analyses that can be conducted with remote sensing data, and explores areas where remote sensing can supplement emission test methods currently used in the European Union light-duty vehicle regulatory program.
Der derzeitige Rückgangs des Dieselanteils zieht keine negativen Auswirkungen auf die Erreichbarkeit der Klimaschutzziele nach sich. Vor diesem Hintergrund sollte ein Festhalten an der derzeitigen Subvention von Dieselkraftstoff für Pkw kritisch hinterfragt und eine Angleichung der Steuersätze für Diesel und Benzin in Erwägung gezogen werden.
A transparent assessment of the current new passenger vehicle market in South Africa in terms of CO2 emissions, and provides an evaluation of the benefits of adopting fuel economy and CO2 emission standards in those vehicles.
Summarizes the potential in Europe of presently available efficiency technologies to produce fuel savings that greatly exceed the upfront costs of technology and maintenance, and evaluates emerging advanced efficiency technologies that offer even more substantial fuel savings and short payback periods over the long term.
Compares the fuel efficiency of 20 airlines operating nonstop flights between the mainland United States and East Asia and Oceania and extends the previous transatlantic fuel efficiency methodology to the transpacific market.
Provides an overview of how the NEV mandate will work, summarizes major differences between the interim proposal and the final rule, and evaluates potential impacts.
Summarizes and evaluates key elements of the November 2017 European Commission proposal as it goes to the European Parliament and the European Council.
Investigated the impacts of updating three standards in Mexico to align with the international best practices employed in the rest of North America: gasoline and diesel sulfur standards, passenger vehicle emissions standards, and truck and bus emissions standards.
Comparison of the fuel efficiency of airlines serving 10 transborder routes between Canada and the United State for the 12 months between March 2016 and February 2017.
An updated global inventory of black carbon emissions from the global shipping sector with several recommendations on how to reduce black carbon emissions from ships.
Assesses the environmental impacts of crop residue management to inform advanced biofuel policy in Europe.
The modifications required by US regulators to VW diesel engines designed to cheat emissions tests are more stringent and more effective than in Europe.
A sharp increase in revenue passenger miles drove both profits and fuel consumption on domestic operations up between 2014 and 2016 for U.S. airlines. Alaska Airlines again ranked first in overall fuel-efficiency, while the gap between it and the least fuel-efficient carrier, Virgin America in 2016, widened slightly to 26%.
Synopsis of new fuel-efficiency standards for diesel-powered trucks and buses with a gross vehicle weight of 12 tonnes or more that will go into effect beginning 1 April 2018.
Summarizes policies and actions that are expanding access to electric transportation in the United States and showcases several examples of equity-focused electric mobility practices that are encouraging their utilization more widely.
A statistical portrait of passenger car, light commercial, and heavy-duty vehicle fleets in the European Union from 2001 to 2016, with emphasis on vehicle technologies, fuel consumption, and emissions of greenhouse gases and other air pollutants.
In September, China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection issued the first national standard for portable emission measurement system (PEMS) testing of heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs). This regulation is a supplement to all existing requirements under the China V standard, and it requires additional on-road PEMS testing for new and in-use China V HDVs.
A consultant report assessing the potential contribution of CO2-based synthetic fuels, including power-to-liquids, to climate mitigation goals in Europe.
Survey-based summary of regulatory agencies' programs to monitor and enforce compliance with vehicle emission and fuel consumption standards.