Summarizes the key barriers that impede the adoption of fuel-saving technologies in the trucking sector and discusses some of the ways policymakers can combat them.
Despite the anticipated decline in diesel car sales future carbon dioxide (CO2) standards in the EU can still be met even if new-car diesel share falls as low as 15% by 2025. The net compliance cost for reaching a 70 g/km (NEDC) target by 2025 would decline by €10–€280 per vehicle, if the diesel market share were to drop to a level as low as 15%.
Summarizes and analyzes preliminary data for 2016 recently released by the European Environment Agency (EEA) on CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU. New cars sold in the EU in 2015 had average CO2 emissions of 118 g CO2/km, which was 1.2% lower than in 2015.
Results of a project by the International Centre of Automotive Technology (ICAT), in India, to conduct laboratory and on-road testing of three in-use vehicles, using a portable emissions measurement system, over a variety of drive cycles and routes.
Examines how the greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards have changed over time, how the auto industry in different regions has reacted, and discusses how the standards may evolve in the future.
Evaluates options for integrating electric vehicles into U.S. and European efficiency regulations based on cost-effectiveness and emission-reduction implications.
Summarizes the key elements of the proposed regulation to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from new on-road heavy-duty vehicles, including the major vehicle and equipment categories, estimated costs and benefits, and Canada-specific provisions.
Summarizes important features and experiences of successful retrofit program efforts primarily in the U.S. and Europe, and also highlights the range of retrofit technologies that have been successfully used to reduce exhaust emissions (including diesel particulate and NOX emissions) from older, existing on-road and off-road diesel engines.
Summarizes the status of electric vehicle market in California through 2016, quantifying electric vehicle market growth across California cities and metropolitan areas.
Evaluates the trajectory of GHG emissions from international aviation in the U.S. and Canada as well as the possible GHG reductions that could be made from deployment of alternative jet fuels (AJFs) within the framework of the International Civil Aviation Organization’s (ICAO) Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA).
Cost-effectiveness and potential analysis of technologies for the reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emission of heavy-duty vehicles in the European market, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.
Reviews the political science, regulatory, and economics literature to illuminate the international competitiveness impacts of motor vehicle emission standards.
Evaluates the costs and benefits of extending Mexico’s program to 2025 by fully aligning with U.S. standards to support the adoption of a strong regulatory package.
Estimates health benefits and technology upgrade costs of the proposed standard and implementation timetable focusing mainly on nationwide impacts, but also separately analyzes China’s three key regions: the so-called Jing-Jin-Ji region, the Yangtze River delta region, and Guangdong province.
Details subsidies for manufacturers rather than end users and features the phase down of a national subsidy, tightened vehicle qualification requirements, improved incentive design, and robust anti-fraud and enforcement measures.
Diesel vehicles in major markets produce over 50% more NOx than official certification limits indicate. Study links these excess NOx emissions to ~38,000 premature deaths worldwide in 2015—mostly in the EU, China, and India.
Investigates the market adoption trends of 27 heavy-duty vehicle technologies, presents 20 years of technology market penetration data, and analyzes the trends in selected technology adoption on tractor-trailers and rigid trucks in the world’s three largest automotive markets (the EU, U.S., and China).
Evaluates the GHG savings that could be achieved through key policy design changes to the transport target in the European Commission’s 2030 Renewable Energy Directive proposal.
Estimates heavy fuel oil (HFO) use, HFO carriage, the use and carriage of other fuels, BC emissions, and emissions of other air and climate pollutants in the Arctic for the year 2015, with projections to 2020 and 2025.
Provides a roadmap to support the implementation of comprehensive clean fuel and vehicle policies in Southern and Western Africa.