Summarizes one of the most promising fiscal policy tools available to complement vehicle emissions standards: so-called feebate programs, in which more efficient vehicles receive rebates and less efficient vehicles are assessed fees.
On February 3, 2010, the EPA finalized revisions to the National Renewable Fuel Standard. The new rule (RFS2) incorporates changes mandated by the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA), and is a major amendment of the original standard.
Using existing or soon-to-be-available mainstream engineering techniques, automakers can reduce passenger-vehicle mass by one third in exchange for a 3% increase in component costs.
Discusses initial ICCT work on sales‐weighted historical trends in new aircraft design attributes and their influence on aircraft efficiency, using design range as a first area of inquiry.
Final report of the California ETAAC Advanced Technology Sub-Group.
Policy-relevant guidance on black carbon, a solid particle emitted during incomplete combustion and a significant contributor to both climate change public health problems.
Estimates the sales and activity-weighted efficiency of new jet aircraft from 1960 to 2008 to argue that fuel price has been an inconsistent driver of aircraft efficiency, and that an aircraft CO2 standard is most likely to reduce emissions if it applies to all newly built aircraft from current production lines, not just to new designs.
An assessment of new and emerging technologies that could be phased in between 2012 and 2017 to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from long haul tractor-trailers by up to 50%. The report concludes that most of these measures would produce net savings over the life of a vehicle due to reduced fuel costs.
In many cities around the world, two- and three-wheel vehicles are the main mode of personal and commercial transportation. Motorcycles are cheaper to own than cars and often more convenient to navigate on congested roadways. Unfortunately, emissions from two- and three-wheelers have long been uncontrolled. The explosive growth in motorcycle usage in Asian cities and around the world has resulted in a significant deterioration of urban air quality.
Overview of low-carbon fuel related standards in various stages of development and implementation in the U.S., California, Europe, and the UK.
Demonstrates a linear-model approach to estimating fuel economy in trucks and buses.
An independent review of approaches to evaluating heavy-duty vehicle fuel use.
Identifies at least two carbon intensity metrics (g CO2/ATK for dedicated cargo planes and g CO2/ASK for dedicated passenger aircraft) suitable for use in establishing a CO2 standard for new commercial aircraft.
Provides background information on U.S. heavy-duty vehicle fleet characteristics and identifies issues relevant to the design and implementation of fuel economy and GHG regulations.
Updates the ICCT 2004 Status Report on MMT, providing more detail on recent studies of the potential health impacts associated with its use.
Distills best practices in heavy-duty emissions controls from the EU, U.S., and Japan into a single regulatory program suitable for adoption by interested countries.
An initial assessment of the current situation and regulatory environment for two- and three-wheeled vehicles, and options for control.
Compares passenger vehicle greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards from eight major countries, states, and regions. It finds that Japan and Europe are closely tied in the "race to the top" for the world's most efficient new passenger vehicle fleet, while the United States lags behind these two regions by a large margin.
Contrary to widespread belief, many technologies that increase fuel economy have no effect on vehicle safety. Similarly, a number of safety measures have no effect on fuel consumption.
Identifites options for regulating emissions from ships, one of the world's largest and fastest growing sources of air pollution. The regulation of commercial marine vessels represents a significant political and legal challenge, as ships operate largely outside of national boundaries and are typically owned and operated by companies based in a number of different countries.