Publications: Europe


Overview of key international factors affecting Indonesian palm oil demand, including biofuel and trade policies and other market drivers


This update, based on a statistical analysis of data for more than 1.3 million vehicles from eight European countries, shows the average gap between official fuel consumption figures and actual fuel use for new cars in the EU stabilized at 39 percent.


Surveys the policy background, summarizes the key elements of the regulation and the expected effects, and puts the new rule in international context.


Reports results and analysis of a remote-sensing measurement campaign in 2017–2018 that collected more than 100,000 samples at nine locations in Greater London from passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, taxis, buses, trucks, and motorcycles.


The City of London and the TRUE initiative began a collaboration in March 2017 to increase the availability and accessibility of information on exhaust emissions, and particularly nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions, from vehicles being driven in the city.


The Real Urban Emissions initiative (TRUE) deployed remote-sensing equipment to measure “real-world” emissions from vehicles from more than 100,000 vehicles at several sites around Greater London.


New data collected by The Real Urban Emissions initiative (TRUE) provides a clear and detailed picture of real-world pollutant emissions from London buses, and of the effects of policy efforts to reduce those emissions.


Overview of vehicle taxation policy across Europe and how governments might induce consumers to opt for low-emission vehicles


Statistical portrait of passenger car, light-commercial, and heavy-duty vehicle fleets in the European Union from 2001 to 2017


Details on the latest measures that select European Union member states are taking to support advanced alternative fuels


Assesses evidence for defining high and low indirect land-use change risk biofuel feedstocks in the European renewable fuel policy


Fact sheet regarding the impact of high and low indirect land-use change definitions in European Union renewable fuel policy


Estimates the cost-effectiveness, greenhouse gas savings, and additional technical potential for using renewable methane from sustainable feedstocks in France, Italy, and Spain in 2030


Summarizes existing regulatory practices and develops design principles to adapt vehicle efficiency standards in the 2020–2030 time frame to enable a transition to zero-emission vehicles over the 2030–2050 time frame


Summarizes ICCT research on the 2050 potential for low-carbon renewable methane in the EU


Sustainable renewable methane can make a small contribution to decarbonizing the EU energy economy but can deliver stronger GHG reductions in the power sector compared to heating and transport.


Key findings regarding the potential of electrofuels as part of a decarbonization strategy in the European Union.


Analysis of the extension of the current CO2 certification procedure for heavy-duty vehicles, to also include trailers


Analysis of the market for new commercial trailers in the European Union in terms of sales by country, manufacturer, and trailer type and a survey of fuel-saving technologies.