Publications: Compliance and Enforcement

2018.12.17

Reports results and analysis of a remote-sensing measurement campaign in 2017–2018 that collected more than 100,000 samples at nine locations in Greater London from passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, taxis, buses, trucks, and motorcycles.

2018.12.17

A concise introduction to the use of remote sensing in regulating and controlling pollution from on-road vehicles.

2018.12.17

The City of London and the TRUE initiative began a collaboration in March 2017 to increase the availability and accessibility of information on exhaust emissions, and particularly nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions, from vehicles being driven in the city.

2018.12.17

The Real Urban Emissions initiative (TRUE) deployed remote-sensing equipment to measure “real-world” emissions from vehicles from more than 100,000 vehicles at several sites around Greater London.

2018.12.17

New data collected by The Real Urban Emissions initiative (TRUE) provides a clear and detailed picture of real-world pollutant emissions from London buses, and of the effects of policy efforts to reduce those emissions.

2018.08.21

Summarizes the states and other localities who have voiced opposition to the rollback of 2025 federal fuel efficiency standards.

2018.07.20

Summary of the China VI heavy-duty vehicle standards and a comparison with emission regulations in the other major markets.

2018.07.13

Testing shows CO and NOx emissions from China 5 gasoline cars are not properly controlled under real-world driving conditions.

2018.07.11

An overview of CO2 emissions reduction, fuel and technology trends, and market share of new passenger cars in the European Union.

2018.07.11

This briefing summarizes the eco-innovation provision, investigates the types and market uptake of approved eco-innovations, and discusses how regulatory developments could affect eco-innovations in the future.

2018.06.05

The TRUE rating system is intended to measure and rate the magnitude of real world emissions from various vehicle models under a wide range of operating conditions and driving behaviors.

2018.06.05

This paper analyses data from European remote emissions sensing campaigns and introduces new methodology to improve the analysis of remote sensing information.

2018.06.04

Fact sheet on the TRUE rating system, which measures real world emissions from various vehicle models under a wide range of operating conditions and driving behaviors.

2018.06.04

Under the Bharat Stage VI and V standards, India will achieve significant reductions of NOx and PM from agricultural tractors and construction equipment.

2018.05.31

This position brief makes specific recommendations regarding the adoption of RDE testing in India. The recommendations are geared towards ensuring that implementation of an Indian RDE program would narrow the gap between laboratory and on-road emissions performance of vehicles that should meet Bharat Stage (BS) VI emissions standards. 

2018.02.12

Effectively enforced vehicle CO2 performance standards are at the core of any effort to realize lower-carbon transport. EU member states should implement supporting policy measures such as emissions-based vehicle taxes, mandates for electric vehicles, and emissions-based road pricing.

2018.02.12

Collects and analyzes real-world emissions data from multiple sources in China. The data include emissions of NOx, CO, and total hydrocarbons. from 55 LDVs and 67 HDVs tested using PEMS. The vehicle sample covers a wide range of emissions standards, from China 0 to China 5/V, and vehicle types. 

2018.02.01

A comprehensive overview of vehicle remote sensing, an emissions measurement technique which has been used for more than 25 years to evaluate emissions from passing motor vehicles in real-world driving. Reviews technical details of the vehicle remote sensing test method, describes the multiple types of emissions analyses that can be conducted with remote sensing data, and explores areas where remote sensing can supplement emission test methods currently used in the European Union light-duty vehicle regulatory program.

2017.12.14

The modifications required by US regulators to VW diesel engines designed to cheat emissions tests are more stringent and more effective than in Europe.

2017.11.14

Survey-based summary of regulatory agencies' programs to monitor and enforce compliance with vehicle emission and fuel consumption standards.

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