Explores some of the compliance pathways available to heavy duty vehicle manufacturers. Specifically, this paper develops hypothetical technology packages for certain types of tractor trucks, vocational vehicles, and trailers using distinct technology strategies compares cost-effectiveness.
Investigated the impacts of updating three standards in Mexico to align with the international best practices employed in the rest of North America: gasoline and diesel sulfur standards, passenger vehicle emissions standards, and truck and bus emissions standards.
Demonstrates that meeting Europe's 2030 climate and energy framework goals depends on a combination of policy measures that include CO2 standards for both cars and heavy trucks, improving vehicle testing regulations, and accelerating the transition to EVs.
Emissions from the diesel engines of these two key types of non-road mobile sources are expected to be significant, and will potentially have strong negative impacts on local air quality and health in India.
This working paper details the differences in fuel specifications for commercial gasoline and diesel fuels in India and the EU, and assesses potential air pollutant emission impacts of these differences.
Surveys diesel engine technologies, costs, pollutant emissions, and efficiency improvements in a manner that can help inform India's transition to more stringent vehicle emissions standards over the next five years.