Investigated the impacts of updating three standards in Mexico to align with the international best practices employed in the rest of North America: gasoline and diesel sulfur standards, passenger vehicle emissions standards, and truck and bus emissions standards.
Surveys the existing literature on methodologies related to the certification of low ILUC biofuel projects through different measures. It also assesses the potential challenges, risks, and loopholes that could arise from the use of these methodologies.
Identifies auto markets with highest electric vehicle shares by region in the U.S., including smaller and medium size metropolitan areas. Analyzes electric vehicle promotion actions in place that are accelerating market development in the leading markets.
Compares the uptake of a range of vehicle technologies such as variable valve timing, gasoline direct injection, turbocharging, stop/start, as well as transmission and hybridization technologies in the U.S. and EU in recent years.
MEPC’s 70th session will consider two topics that may greatly reduce the amount of HFO used in the Arctic: a global marine fuel sulfur cap of 0.5% (currently it is 3.5%), and whether or not HFO use in the Arctic should be formally placed on the MEPC agenda. This paper provides key information needed to evaluate the potential risks HFO has to the Arctic environment.
Aims to inform the debate over how electric vehicle technology could fit into a lower-carbon new-vehicle fleet in Europe in 2020–2030. Although the analysis is focused on Europe, similar technology, policy, and market dynamics can be observed throughout North America and Asia.