India has a substantial opportunity to improve HDV fuel efficiency levels. Per-vehicle fuel consumption reductions between roughly 20% and 35% are possible with technologies that are expected to be available in India over the next 10 years.
Demonstrates that meeting Europe's 2030 climate and energy framework goals depends on a combination of policy measures that include CO2 standards for both cars and heavy trucks, improving vehicle testing regulations, and accelerating the transition to EVs.
Emissions from the diesel engines of these two key types of non-road mobile sources are expected to be significant, and will potentially have strong negative impacts on local air quality and health in India.
This working paper details the differences in fuel specifications for commercial gasoline and diesel fuels in India and the EU, and assesses potential air pollutant emission impacts of these differences.
Surveys diesel engine technologies, costs, pollutant emissions, and efficiency improvements in a manner that can help inform India's transition to more stringent vehicle emissions standards over the next five years.
Upgrades to Vietnam's first and only refinery, expected to begin production of Euro 5 diesel and gasoline in 2016, will lower the country’s reliance on imports and allow for the domestic production of clean fuel.