Analyzes the model structure, simulation flow, and limitations of the EU’s regulatory tool for the simulation of heavy-duty vehicle fuel consumption. Compares the regulatory vehicle simulation tools used in the EU and the United States.
Collects and analyzes real-world emissions data from multiple sources in China. The data include emissions of NOx, CO, and total hydrocarbons. from 55 LDVs and 67 HDVs tested using PEMS. The vehicle sample covers a wide range of emissions standards, from China 0 to China 5/V, and vehicle types.
Finds that ILUC emissions from energy cropping are highly sensitive to assumptions of the composition of marginal lands and suggests that additional sustainability safeguards may be necessary for energy cropping in order to ensure that it only occurs on low-carbon stock land.
Takes a closer look at three potential alternatives for OBD regulatory requirements that can be incorporated into the China 6 proposal. The ICCT recommends adopting CA OBDII with China 6 emission standards.
Under current regulatory standards, the wide commercialization of diesel cars would significantly increase NOX and PM2.5 emissions, contributing to poor air quality and adding 150,000 premature deaths through 2050.
Evaluates the potential air-quality benefits of using shore-based electric generating facilities, as opposed to a ship's own engines, to supply power for operations (such as loading and unloading) while a ship lies berthed in port.
Analyzes and compares new-vehicle type-approval procedures in the EU and U.S. with an eye toward demonstrating how best to align regulatory requirements, customer expectations, and environmental performance.
Emissions from on-road vehicles are a significant cause of air pollution in urban areas. Beijing, where air quality has historically been poor, is taking measures to reduce emissions from the transport sector.