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Analyzes the model structure, simulation flow, and limitations of the EU’s regulatory tool for the simulation of heavy-duty vehicle fuel consumption. Compares the regulatory vehicle simulation tools used in the EU and the United States.

Collects and analyzes real-world emissions data from multiple sources in China. The data include emissions of NOx, CO, and total hydrocarbons. from 55 LDVs and 67 HDVs tested using PEMS. The vehicle sample covers a wide range of emissions standards, from China 0 to China 5/V, and vehicle types. 

Finds that ILUC emissions from energy cropping are highly sensitive to assumptions of the composition of marginal lands and suggests that additional sustainability safeguards may be necessary for energy cropping in order to ensure that it only occurs on low-carbon stock land.


Current non-road regulatory programs lag behind comparable programs for on-road diesel engines, and are not stringent enough to compel the use of the best available technologies for the control of PM and NOx emissions.

Publication: White paper

Analyzes EV uptake at the city level, and assesses public charging infrastructure, model availability, and other factors to identify leading-edge markets in California. Provides a detailed analysis of the 30 California cities with the highest rates of EV penetration, examining how governments, utilities, businesses, and nonprofits are promoting EVs.

Publication: White paper

Details how implementing well-tested policy measures can help drive forward the necessary innovations and could reduce the total CO2 emissions of the LDV fleet in Turkey by about 36% compared to a business-as-usual scenario.

Publication: White paper

A summary of the history and current state of biofuels policy in Indonesia, highlighting the tension between the country’s renewable energy policy and the ambition in reducing its carbon emissions.

Publication: White paper

Reviews the environmental impacts of palm oil production for biofuel in Indonesia, including greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, and air and water pollution.

Publication: White paper
Assesses the best practices in the design of electric vehicle incentives based on an analysis of these incentives across major markets in North America, Europe, and Asia.
Publication: White paper
Assesses the environmental and societal impacts of utilizing sustainably available biomass for three different sectors: heat & power, liquid fuels, and bio-based materials. 
Publication: White paper
Estimates the potential for sustainably harvested palm residues to be used for advanced biofuel production in Indonesia.
Publication: White paper

Assesses the design and effectiveness of fiscal and other incentives for electric vehicles in Germany, the UK, France, the Netherlands, and Norway, at both national and, through a set of ten case studies, regional and city levels.

Publication: White paper

Highlights the effects of disparities between real-world data and official road-load coefficients, used to set up vehicle type-approval test equipment, on fuel consumption and CO2 ratings for European passenger cars.

Publication: White paper