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Analyzes the model structure, simulation flow, and limitations of the EU’s regulatory tool for the simulation of heavy-duty vehicle fuel consumption. Compares the regulatory vehicle simulation tools used in the EU and the United States.

Collects and analyzes real-world emissions data from multiple sources in China. The data include emissions of NOx, CO, and total hydrocarbons. from 55 LDVs and 67 HDVs tested using PEMS. The vehicle sample covers a wide range of emissions standards, from China 0 to China 5/V, and vehicle types. 

Finds that ILUC emissions from energy cropping are highly sensitive to assumptions of the composition of marginal lands and suggests that additional sustainability safeguards may be necessary for energy cropping in order to ensure that it only occurs on low-carbon stock land.


Finds that for cars, the cost for meeting a 2025 target value of 70 g/km (as measured in the New European Driving Cycle - NEDC) is between 250 and 500 euros higher than would be the case in a footprint-based CO2 target system.

Publication: White paper

Assesses charging infrastructure deployment practices, challenges, and emerging best practices in major electric vehicle markets. Statistically analyzes the relationship between public charging and electric vehicle uptake at the metropolitan area level to better discern local infrastructure variation, practices, and circumstances.

Publication: White paper

Assesses zero-emission heavy-duty vehicle technologies to support decarbonization of the freight sector in the 2025–2030 timeframe. Synthesizes data from the research literature, demonstrations, and low-volume commercial trucks regarding their potential to deliver freight with zero tailpipe emissions. Analyzes the emerging technologies by their cost of ownership and life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions for China, Europe, and the United States.

Publication: White paper

An analysis of advanced biofuel policies and recommendations for improving the effectiveness of policy support for emerging low carbon fuel technologies.

Publication: White paper

Compares official laboratory-test and on-road nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions for 541 Euro 5 and Euro 6 diesel passenger cars, representing 145 of the most popular European models.

Publication: White paper

A summary of the technology and policy landscape encompassed by the phrase "new mobility," and survey of considerations involved in ensuring that new mobility developments support and advance the goals of clean transportation.

Publication: White paper

Assesses the U.S. electric vehicle market and the factors that are driving it. Catalogues electric vehicle promotion activities. Identifies best practice policies in the 50 most populous U.S. metropolitan areas. Conducts a statistical analysis to discern links between the promotion actions and electric vehicle uptake.

Publication: White paper

Examines the HDV market in China and investigates the potential for currently sold vehicles to reduce fuel consumption through the adoption of known efficiency technologies. 

Publication: White paper

Assesses, through vehicle simulation modeling, the baseline fuel efficiency performance and the potential of various fuel saving technologies to improve the efficiency of European tractor-trailers and rigid trucks, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.

Publication: White paper

Despite the anticipated decline in diesel car sales future carbon dioxide (CO2) standards in the EU can still be met even if new-car diesel share falls as low as 15% by 2025. The net compliance cost for reaching a 70 g/km (NEDC) target by 2025 would decline by €10–€280 per vehicle, if the diesel market share were to drop to a level as low as 15%.

Publication: White paper