A wide-ranging analysis of vehicle emissions control policies in China, evaluating successes to date and assessing potential for new vehicle and fuel standards, compliance monitoring, and impacts of advanced technologies and fuels.
Regulations to reduce GHG emissions are driving a flood of investment in industries and innovative technologies that fuel economic growth while attacking the global problem of inefficient use of expensive, polluting oil.
The availability and low cost of natural gas, less stringent new engine emissions standards, and fuel sulfur levels that inhibit the use of the most advanced diesel engines all contribute to a continued high level of interest in CNG vehicles in many developing countries.
Summarizes one of the most promising fiscal policy tools available to complement vehicle emissions standards: so-called feebate programs, in which more efficient vehicles receive rebates and less efficient vehicles are assessed fees.
Estimates the sales and activity-weighted efficiency of new jet aircraft from 1960 to 2008 to argue that fuel price has been an inconsistent driver of aircraft efficiency, and that an aircraft CO2 standard is most likely to reduce emissions if it applies to all newly built aircraft from current production lines, not just to new designs.
An assessment of new and emerging technologies that could be phased in between 2012 and 2017 to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from long haul tractor-trailers by up to 50%. The report concludes that most of these measures would produce net savings over the life of a vehicle due to reduced fuel costs.