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An overview of CO2 emissions reduction, fuel and technology trends, and market share of new passenger cars in the European Union.

This briefing summarizes the eco-innovation provision, investigates the types and market uptake of approved eco-innovations, and discusses how regulatory developments could affect eco-innovations in the future.

This briefing compares the fleet characteristics and fuel-efficiency technology deployment in China, Europe and the U.S. from 2010 to 2014. In addition, the briefing evaluates the response of the passenger vehicle market in China to the country’s fuel efficiency standards.


Summary of provisional data from the European Environment Agency. Average CO2 emissions from new cars sold in the EU in 2015 were 119.6 g CO2/km, 8% below the 2015 target and 3% lower than in 2014.

Publication: Briefing

One in a series of technical briefs highlighting important innovations and trends in "conventional" automotive technologies, which are significantly outpacing projections made at the time the 2025 CAFE standards were finalized.

Publication: Briefing

Makes recommendations for how India should use checks of on-board diagnostic systems (OBD) to identify malfunctioning emissions control systems in new vehicles and to lower the burden on the country’s testing facilities.

Publication: Briefing

Reviews provisions of the U.S. and EU regulations that define and prohibit defeat devices, as well as automakers' public statements in the aftermath of VW's admission that it used such defeat devices, as context for evaluating reform proposals.

Publication: Briefing
To rectify the implementation and compliance issues associated with P-7 standards for heavy-duty vehicles in Brazil, quickly advancing to the next P-8 phase and aligning it with Euro VI standards is the most effective option.
Publication: Briefing

In January 2016 the EU Parliament will evaluate the RDE proposal from the European Commission's Technical Committee on Motor Vehicles (TCMV). This brief notes five things that could strengthen the regulation.

Publication: Briefing

Explains why inappropriate off-cycle credits can weaken the stringency of vehicle energy consumption targets, and states the ICCT's position in favor of rejecting proposals to amend Inovar-Auto.

Publication: Briefing

Proposes engine-based standards coupled with a tire efficiency regulation as the best approach for the first phase of India's HDV efficiency standards. 

Publication: Briefing

Summarizes how state and local governments are supporting the development of local electric-vehicle markets in the 25 most-populous U.S. metropolitan areas. Provides a quantitative estimate of the effective cost of owning and operating battery electric vehicles in those 25 cities.

Publication: Briefing

Proposes a rapid, comprehensive policy response not only to deal with defeat devices but also to identify vehicle models with high real-world emissions relative to test-cycle performance and improve current compliance and enforcement programs.

Publication: Briefing