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In the aftermath of Dieselgate, diesel car sales shares are falling in Europe. But diesel's decline does not put EU CO2 targets out of reach. Other technologies offer more compelling and cost-effective pathways to reducing CO2 emissions from passenger cars.

Provides a brief overview of the energy cost per mile for a vehicle using gasoline versus the energy cost per mile using electricity in the United States. 

Reviews evidence on the environmental risks of growing lignocellulosic energy crops for biofuel production and policy ideas to address them.

2016.11.21

A concise overview of the EU's vehicle CO2 emission reduction requirements, targets for 2025–2030 that are coming under consideration, and current best projections of vehicle-specific CO2 reduction technology potential and costs in that time frame.

Publication: Briefing
2016.11.15

Highlights developments in technologies that contribute to vehicle fuel efficiency by improving control of heat in the powertrain and the passenger cabin. Few thermal management technologies were explicitly incorporated into the technology projections for the US 2025 CAFE standards.

Publication: Briefing
2016.10.26

One in a series of technical briefs highlighting important innovations and trends in transmissions, which, overall, are similar to efficiency benefits and cost projections made at the time the 2025 CAFE standards were finalized.

Publication: Briefing
2016.07.01

Comprehensive technical overview of the Euro 6/VI vehicle emissions standards, looking at the historical context of the European regulations and considering what is likely to come next.

Publication: Briefing
2016.06.22

Summary of provisional data from the European Environment Agency. Average CO2 emissions from new cars sold in the EU in 2015 were 119.6 g CO2/km, 8% below the 2015 target and 3% lower than in 2014.

Publication: Briefing
2016.06.21

One in a series of technical briefs highlighting important innovations and trends in "conventional" automotive technologies, which are significantly outpacing projections made at the time the 2025 CAFE standards were finalized.

Publication: Briefing
2016.06.07

Makes recommendations for how India should use checks of on-board diagnostic systems (OBD) to identify malfunctioning emissions control systems in new vehicles and to lower the burden on the country’s testing facilities.

Publication: Briefing
2016.03.22

Reviews provisions of the U.S. and EU regulations that define and prohibit defeat devices, as well as automakers' public statements in the aftermath of VW's admission that it used such defeat devices, as context for evaluating reform proposals.

Publication: Briefing
2016.03.11
To rectify the implementation and compliance issues associated with P-7 standards for heavy-duty vehicles in Brazil, quickly advancing to the next P-8 phase and aligning it with Euro VI standards is the most effective option.
Publication: Briefing
2015.12.28

In January 2016 the EU Parliament will evaluate the RDE proposal from the European Commission's Technical Committee on Motor Vehicles (TCMV). This brief notes five things that could strengthen the regulation.

Publication: Briefing

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