Summarizes existing regulatory practices and develops design principles to adapt vehicle efficiency standards in the 2020–2030 time frame to enable a transition to zero-emission vehicles over the 2030–2050 time frame
Summarizes the implications of the current mass-based CO2 targets in the EU and outlines three alternatives: do away with the utility parameter altogether; use vehicle footprint instead of mass; keep the mass utility parameter, but reduce its impact on manufacturers’ CO2 targets.
This briefing summarizes the eco-innovation provision, investigates the types and market uptake of approved eco-innovations, and discusses how regulatory developments could affect eco-innovations in the future.
This briefing compares the fleet characteristics and fuel-efficiency technology deployment in China, Europe and the U.S. from 2010 to 2014. In addition, the briefing evaluates the response of the passenger vehicle market in China to the country’s fuel efficiency standards.