Latin America

Latin America

Latin America can be overshadowed on the global transportation policy stage by the United States, Europe, China, and India, with their highly publicized challenges with urban air quality and their high-profile roles in global debates on climate change policy. But Brazil is the fourth largest vehicle market in the world and an important factor in the global biofuels industry. Mexico is also a major global market, and the region as a whole has a key role in the world energy economy. Countries in the region may, by virtue of the very fact that they do differ from those larger economies, offer valuable insights into effective policymaking for similar-size countries in Africa and Asia; Chile, with its innovative feebate program to promote passenger-vehicle efficiency, is an example.

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About the program

Latin America can be overshadowed on the global transportation policy stage by the United States, Europe, China, and India, with their highly publicized challenges with urban air quality and their high-profile roles in global debates on climate change policy. But Brazil is the fourth largest vehicle market in the world and an important factor in the global biofuels industry. Mexico is also a major global market, and the region as a whole has a key role in the world energy economy. Countries in the region may, by virtue of the very fact that they do differ from those larger economies, offer valuable insights into effective policymaking for similar-size countries in Africa and Asia; Chile, with its innovative feebate program to promote passenger-vehicle efficiency, is an example.

ICCT staff work in Brazil, Mexico, and other key vehicle markets in Latin America to adapt international best practices to the local economic and policy context. In Brazil we support governmental agencies including the Ministry of Environment (MMA), São Paulo's Environmental Agency (CETESB), and the Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade (MDIC), filling technical gaps toward more advanced vehicle emissions, fuel quality, and sustainable freight and mobility policies. In Mexico, we work closely with the Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (SEMARNAT, the regulatory body charged with setting vehicle emissions standards), and with the Instituto Nacional de Ecología (INE), which provides technical analysis on environmental policy issues. In Argentina, Chile and Colombia ICCT research is providing essential technical foundations for development of vehicle emissions and fuel efficiency standards, incentives towards ultra clean buses, market-based approaches such as green freight programs, and innovative fiscal policies.

Euro VI Standards in Brazil

Cristiano Façanha, ICCT's Brazil lead and green freight program lead, explains why Euro VI-equivalent standards are one of the most cost-effective public policies Brazil could adopt to address air pollution from buses and heavy-duty vehicles.

—See "Left in the dust: Brazil might be the last major automotive market to adopt Euro VI standards," May 2018 blog

Recent publications

Costs of emission reduction technologies for diesel engines used in non-road vehicles and equipment

Evaluates the costs incurred by manufacturers of diesel engines used in non-road vehicles and equipment for emission reduction technologies needed to comply with increasingly stringent standards.

2018.07.11 | Working paper
Mexico heavy-duty vehicle emission standards

Starting January 1, 2021, all new HDVs sold in Mexico will be required to meet the best-in-class, filter-based standards, equivalent to those currently in place in the rest of North America and the European Union. The Euro VI and US 2010 options are introduced in 2019, along with much weaker Euro V and US 2007 options, which are allowed over a two-year transition period. The soot-free standards become the only regulatory option on January 1, 2021.

2018.02.22 | Policy update
Air quality and health benefits of improved fuel and vehicle emissions standards in Mexico

Investigated the impacts of updating three standards in Mexico to align with the international best practices employed in the rest of North America: gasoline and diesel sulfur standards, passenger vehicle emissions standards, and truck and bus emissions standards. 

2018.01.03 | Working paper
See all publications

Staff blog

B10: Os debates sobre o combustível de referência não devem atrasar a adoção de limites de emissão rigorosos para veículos pesados no Brasil

O Brasil é o último dos grandes mercados automotivos sem padrões para emissões de veículos pesados equivalentes ao Euro VI para proteção à saúde pública. A implementação rápida do P-8 resolveria tal situação, e as agências regulatórias não deveriam deixar questões inconsequentes como o calendário para a especificação do diesel de referência e conteúdo de biodiesel atrasarem sua implementação.  

Staff