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Changes to the motor vehicle type-approval system in the European Union

In spring 2018, the political bodies of the European Union (EU) adopted a number of measures designed to improve the procedure for determining emissions of new road vehicles. These measures are part...
Published 2018.05.29: Publication

Opel's admissions of defeat device calibrations

A little while ago I blogged about the widespread practice by automakers in the EU of reducing nitrogen oxide (NOx) emission controls at ambient temperatures below 10 °C–17 °C and after a hot restart...Opel admits to reducing vehicle emission controls based on conditions other than ambient temperature or restart. Opel says its “engines are in compliance” in Europe. But, once again, they would not...
Published 2016.06.15: Blog Post

Defeat device testing in the EU: So far, not so good

Conclusively determining whether or not a vehicle has a defeat device to circumvent emissions tests is difficult. Really difficult. That is because a defeat device, as defined in EU regulation, is:...The post-VW vehicle testing by Germany, the UK, and France suggest that defeat devices are being employed in Europe that have yet to be detected. But further testing is needed if the goal is to...
Published 2016.04.28: Blog Post

Defeat devices under the U.S. and EU passenger vehicle emissions testing regulations

The paper aims to illuminate a paradox: Volkswagen and other automakers have asserted that software managing the emissions control systems on some of their vehicles, which they acknowledge either is...
Published 2016.03.22: Publication

The future of vehicle emissions testing in Europe (and beyond)

At the ICCT we have been analyzing the growing gap between official and real-world vehicle fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of passenger cars in Europe for a few years now. We showed for the first...To solve the problem underlying the growing gap between certification-test and in-use CO2 and NOx emissions, we will have to go beyond just introducing a new test procedure.
Published 2015.11.23: Blog Post

The miseducation of the diesel car

I recently read an open letter in the Corriere della Sera by a VW engineer working on engine development and emissions (that’s what I call a hot seat!). The letter contains some pretty remarkable...The preliminary agreement on the EU's Real-Driving Emissions regulation is a missed opportunity to address the air-quality problem by forcing the technological adjustments required to bring real...
Published 2015.11.04: Blog Post