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Can India Leapfrog First-Generation Biofuels?

Earlier this year, India approved a sweeping update to its National Policy on Biofuels, which lays out an ambitious plan to substantially increase domestic biofuel production. Unlike the Renewable...India’s biofuel policy update discourages food-based fuels, focusing instead on increasing production of second-generation biofuels made from wastes and inedible energy crops.
Published 2018.12.11: Blog Post

The low-ILUC loophole could allow business-as-usual palm oil imports for biodiesel in Europe

The European Commission’s recast Renewable Energy Directive to 2030 (RED II) includes a provision to phase out the contribution of biofuels produced from feedstocks that are high-ILUC risk by 2030....The EC will will soon decide on criteria for classifying high- and low-risk indirect land use change (ILUC) biofuels under the RED II. If the Commission gets it right, this provision could make a...
Published 2018.12.03: Blog Post

Advanced biofuel policies in select EU member states: 2018 update

This update provides details on the latest policy measures that six select European Union member states (Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom) are taking to support...
Published 2018.11.30: Publication

Analysis of high and low indirect land-use change definitions in European Union renewable fuel policy

The European Union (EU) will continue incentivizing the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels through its recast Renewable Energy Directive for 2021-2030 (RED II). This directive includes a...
Published 2018.11.15: Publication

Fact Sheet: Defining low and high ILUC biofuels in European Union policy

Fact sheet regarding the impact of high and low indirect land-use change definitions in European Union renewable fuel policy
Published 2018.11.15: Publication

Decarbonizing aviation through low-carbon fuels will be beyond difficult

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) appears to believe that the international aviation industry can meet its steep carbon targets under the Paris Agreement almost entirely through...It's unlikely that the aviation industry can meet its steep carbon targets almost entirely through the use of low-carbon fuels.
Published 2018.11.15: Blog Post

Failure to Launch: Why Advanced Biorefineries Are So Slow to Ramp Up Production

A common refrain is that advanced biofuels are just a few years away from commercialization—a claim that has been made for much longer than just the past few years. The U.S. EPA’s Renewable Fuel...Despite claims that advanced biofuels are just a few years away from commercialization, existing projects struggle to reach their nominal capacity.
Published 2018.11.13: Blog Post

Short-term barriers to energy cropping

All stages of advanced biofuel production face challenges, and an essential step to reliably scaling them across the transportation sector and beyond is ensuring the availability of feedstocks....An essential step to reliably scaling advanced biofuel across the transportation sector and beyond is ensuring the availability of feedstocks.
Published 2018.11.08: Blog Post

The potential for low-carbon renewable methane as a transport fuel in France, Italy, and Spain

Renewable methane could conceivably displace natural gas for use in existing vehicle fleets, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as emissions of air pollutants like NOx. It is important...
Published 2018.11.05: Publication

Renewable gas is a distraction for Europe

There’s no room for natural gas in a fully decarbonized future. But the European gas industry argues we should continue using natural gas infrastructure and vehicles because the European Union’s (EU...The European gas industry argues we should continue using natural gas infrastructure and vehicles because the European Union’s gas supply can be transformed to a fully renewable resource by 2050. Is...
Published 2018.11.01: Blog Post

Kinks in the pipeline: A survey of downstream alternative jet fuels challenges

We often hear about how biofuels and other alternative fuels will be needed to decarbonize the aviation sector in the long-run. How easy or difficult will this be to achieve? There are already some...Although touted by some as necessary to decarbonize the aviation sector, logistics are still an issue for alternative jet fuels.
Published 2018.10.31: Blog Post

Can alternative jet fuels crowd out demand from the road sector?

In the aviation industry’s vision of the future, neatly laid out by the International Civil Aviation Organization, airlines can meet all of their obligations under the Paris Agreement through simple...Proponents of alternative jet fuels often ignore the reality that many other sectors have laid claims to limited bio-resources as part of their own decarbonization strategies
Published 2018.10.24: Blog Post

Is the Renewable Fuel Standard enough to spur progress in advanced biofuels? Probably not.

Production of cellulosic biofuel is expected to fall nearly 7 billion gallons short of meeting the statutory Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) volume for this type of advanced biofuel in 2018, which has...Government grant and loan guarantees, not the Renewable Fuel Standard, have been essential in spurring progress in the cellulosic biofuel industry.
Published 2018.10.18: Blog Post

What is the role for renewable methane in European decarbonization?

Renewable methane blended in the fossil gas supply is seen as a potential long-term decarbonization solution in the transport, power, and heat sectors in the European Union. It can be produced from...
Published 2018.10.16: Publication

The potential for low-carbon renewable methane in heating, power, and transport in the European Union

Policymakers throughout the European Union (EU) are evaluating their alternative energy options to help deliver on their air quality and climate change mitigation goals within the transport,...
Published 2018.10.16: Publication

Bioenergy can solve some of our climate problems, but not all of them at once

Bioenergy has become a popular decarbonization strategy—so popular that policy makers and researchers in several sectors are claiming biofuels, bio-electricity, and bio-heat can deliver a large...Bioenergy has become a popular decarbonization strategy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, even if bioenergy production is maximized, competition across industry sectors is high.
Published 2018.10.15: Blog Post

The hardest part of cellulosic biofuels in India might be collecting the rice straw

India recently announced its National Policy on Biofuels, which includes ambitious targets for ethanol and biodiesel produced primarily from non-food and non-feed sources. The policy aspires to...A new policy in India aims promote cellulosic biofuel production from sustainable feedstocks, something no other country has managed to do. Can the country succeed?
Published 2018.10.11: Blog Post

Will slow and steady win the race for alternative jet fuels?

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) relies heavily on the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from...Despite ICAO's reliance on alternative jet fuels to decarbonize the avaiation industry, production does not appear to be keeping up.
Published 2018.10.09: Blog Post

Fact Sheet: Economic and environmental performance of electrofuels in Europe

Key findings regarding the potential of electrofuels as part of a decarbonization strategy in the European Union. Economic and environmental performance of electrofuels in Europe by The...
Published 2018.10.05: Publication

Decarbonization potential of electrofuels in the European Union

Electrofuels, also known as “power-to-liquids,” “power-to-gas,” “e-fuels” and “e-gas,” electrofuels can deliver greenhouse gas (GHG) savings compared to petroleum when they are produced using low-...
Published 2018.09.20: Publication

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