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Crude oil greenhouse gas emissions calculation methodology for the Fuel Quality Directive

In 2009, the European Union (EU) amended the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) to introduce a target for European transport fuel suppliers to reduce the life cycle carbon intensity of their fuel by at...
Published 2015.12.04: Publication

Alternative octane enhancers for 10 ppm sulfur gasoline in China

On July 1, Chinese officials released a second draft for public comment of a China V gasoline fuel quality standard, designed to improve the quality of transportation fuels used nationwide. The...
Published 2013.08.08: Publication

Technical and economic analysis of the transition to ultra-low sulfur fuels in Brazil, China, India, and Mexico

Advanced emission control technologies in engines and vehicles require clean fuels, especially ultra-low sulfur gasoline (ULSG) and diesel fuel (ULSD). In the past decade, many countries with...
Published 2012.11.07: Publication