Search Results

CO2-based synthetic fuel: Assessment of potential European capacity and environmental performance

CO2-based synthetic fuels are of increasing interest as a potential strategy to reduce petroleum consumption as well as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transportation sector. The most well-...
Published 2017.11.14: Publication

Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

Cross-price elasticities for oils and fats in the U.S. and the EU

Market linkages between oils and fats are essential for understanding the indirect impacts of biodiesel and renewable diesel production. This study was commissioned by ICCT and performed by Fabio...
Published 2017.03.06: Publication

Analysis of the current development of household UCO collection systems in the EU

Used cooking oil (UCO) is a low carbon feedstock for biodiesel production in the EU, but this resource is not fully utilized. While collection of UCO from restaurants and hotels is relatively...
Published 2016.06.14: Publication

Sustainability criteria for biofuels made from land and non-land based feedstocks

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) was asked to prepare a proposal for a set of sustainability criteria that...
Published 2016.05.09: Publication

Leveling the playing field for novel fuel technologies

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, Défense Terre was asked to analyze the regulatory treatment of thirteen novel fuel technologies or “NFTs” in the European Union and...
Published 2016.03.11: Publication

Assessing progress towards implementation of the ILUC Directive

In 2012 the European Commission proposed Directive 2015/1513 amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive to address indirect land-use change (ILUC). Directive 2015/1513 has...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

Availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in Indonesia

ICCT commissioned this study by Dr. Christopher Teh Boon Sung, a professor at the University Putra Malaysia, to review and assess the environmental implications of removing palm residues from...
Published 2016.02.03: Publication

Data sources to support land suitability assessments for bioenergy feedstocks in the EU: A review

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy was asked to undertake a review of the availability of data on European land use,...
Published 2016.01.27: Publication

Waste, residue and by‐product definitions for the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard

This report by ICF International was commissioned by ICCT to inform life-cycle treatment of biofuel feedstocks under California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS), as well as biofuel regulations in...
Published 2016.01.27: Publication

How to advance cellulosic biofuels

The use of advanced biofuels (produced from agricultural or forest residues or sustainable energy crops) in transport is generally viewed as a sustainable manner in which to mitigate the climate...
Published 2016.01.20: Publication

Crude oil greenhouse gas emissions calculation methodology for the Fuel Quality Directive

In 2009, the European Union (EU) amended the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) to introduce a target for European transport fuel suppliers to reduce the life cycle carbon intensity of their fuel by at...
Published 2015.12.04: Publication

Upstream emissions of fossil fuel feedstocks consumed in the European Union

In 2009, the European Union amended the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) to introduce a target for European transport fuel suppliers to reduce the lifecycle carbon intensity (‘CI’) of their fuel by at...
Published 2015.07.07: Publication

Alternative octane enhancers for 10 ppm sulfur gasoline in China

On July 1, Chinese officials released a second draft for public comment of a China V gasoline fuel quality standard, designed to improve the quality of transportation fuels used nationwide. The...
Published 2013.08.08: Publication

Effects of possible changes in crude oil slate on U.S. refining sector CO2 emissions

This study by MathPro considers the effect that possible changes in the set of crude oils entering U.S. refineries and the mix of gasoline, diesel, and other products they produce—generally termed...
Published 2013.05.13: Publication

Technical and economic analysis of the transition to ultra-low sulfur fuels in Brazil, China, India, and Mexico

Advanced emission control technologies in engines and vehicles require clean fuels, especially ultra-low sulfur gasoline (ULSG) and diesel fuel (ULSD). In the past decade, many countries with...
Published 2012.11.07: Publication

Refining economics of a national low-sulfur, low-RVP gasoline standard

This study, performed by MathPro Inc. for the ICCT, analyzes the economics of sulfur and Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP) control for gasoline. This is an extension of a 2009 MathPro study for the Alliance...
Published 2011.10.31: Publication

Carbon intensity of crude oil in Europe

Globally, the extraction, transport, and refining of crude oil on average accounts for about 18% of well-to-wheels greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels—that is, the total emissions produced...
Published 2010.12.20: Publication