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A critique of soil carbon assumptions used in ILUC modeling

Recent estimates of land use change emissions vary widely, in part due to differences in assumptions on soil carbon. In this report, we review a recent meta-analysis on soil carbon changes with land...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Beyond the biofrontier: Balancing competing uses of the biomass resource

Tapping Europe’s supply of sustainably available biomass to replace fossil fuels is a promising method to mitigate climate change, but biomass is (and will remain) a limited resource. Unused or...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Policies for efficient transport will lower oil prices, create jobs, and help countries meet climate pledges

Signed by 177 countries in April, the Paris climate agreement has been hailed by business leaders and heads of state as the “end of the fossil fuel era.” Now, as countries translate their intended...The expansion of fuel-saving transport policies has important implications for the future of the global oil market and its impacts on major economies.
Published 2016.06.13: Blog Post

Potential for advanced biofuel production from palm residues in Indonesia

Indonesia’s goals of national greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction and biofuel production could be pursued synergistically through the promotion of more sustainable palm oil and biofuel production...
Published 2016.06.09: Publication

EPA proposal for Renewable Fuel Standard 2017 volumes

On May 18, 2016 EPA released the pre-publication version of its proposed rule for volume standards for the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program in 2017, as well as the biomass-based diesel (BBD)...
Published 2016.06.03: Publication

Sustainability criteria for biofuels made from land and non-land based feedstocks

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) was asked to prepare a proposal for a set of sustainability criteria that...
Published 2016.05.09: Publication

What the Senate missed in counting forest bioenergy emissions

It’s usually a bad idea when lawmakers overturn scientific consensus; think North Carolina banning the use of estimates for sea level rise in making long-term coastal land-use policies. Now, Congress...Using whole trees for biomass is not going to be an effective climate mitigation strategy. It’s clear that proper carbon accounting is needed for all biomass pathways, and EPA should be allowed to...
Published 2016.05.09: Blog Post

Oil market futures: Effects of low-carbon transport policies on long-term oil prices

This study, commissioned by the European Climate Foundation, evaluates the effects of transport technology and policies on oil prices and the wider economy. The study compares a Business-as-Usual (...
Published 2016.04.29: Publication

Crops of the biofrontier: In search of opportunities for sustainable energy cropping

European biofuel policy has been dominated by discussions about the indirect effects of biofuel consumption, and in particular indirect land use change and impacts on food prices and security. One...
Published 2016.04.13: Publication

Leveling the playing field for novel fuel technologies

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, Défense Terre was asked to analyze the regulatory treatment of thirteen novel fuel technologies or “NFTs” in the European Union and...
Published 2016.03.11: Publication

Assessing progress towards implementation of the ILUC Directive

In 2012 the European Commission proposed Directive 2015/1513 amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive to address indirect land-use change (ILUC). Directive 2015/1513 has...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

Yes We Can! (Meet the EU advanced biofuels target, that is)

One of the environmentally positive outcomes of the EU’s ILUC Directive was the requirement for Member States to set national targets for advanced biofuels made from non-food feedstocks including...Matching strong incentives for the cellulosic industry with rules for the sustainable production and harvest of feedstocks could usher in a new era of very low carbon renewable fuels that help us...
Published 2016.02.11: Blog Post

Availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in Indonesia

ICCT commissioned this study by Dr. Christopher Teh Boon Sung, a professor at the University Putra Malaysia, to review and assess the environmental implications of removing palm residues from...
Published 2016.02.03: Publication

Petroleum life-cycle emissions—did we forget something?

Some biofuels proponents have recently been at odds with regulators over the extent to which some fuels policies could unfairly burden biofuels against fossil fuels. The question at the heart of the...Some biofuels proponents argue that if regulations factor indirect land-use change into estimates of biofuel carbon intensity, they should also estimate indirect carbon emissions from petroleum. It's...
Published 2016.01.29: Blog Post

Data sources to support land suitability assessments for bioenergy feedstocks in the EU: A review

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy was asked to undertake a review of the availability of data on European land use,...
Published 2016.01.27: Publication

Waste, residue and by‐product definitions for the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard

This report by ICF International was commissioned by ICCT to inform life-cycle treatment of biofuel feedstocks under California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS), as well as biofuel regulations in...
Published 2016.01.27: Publication

An unexpected tax bill for imported palm oil biodiesel

On December 18, 2016, the U.S. Congress passed a slew of renewable energy tax extenders, including a two-year extension of the Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit and the Second Generation Producer...Palm biodiesel imports can now expect to continue reaping the benefits of two incentives originally intended to promote clean domestic energy.
Published 2016.01.25: Blog Post

How to advance cellulosic biofuels

The use of advanced biofuels (produced from agricultural or forest residues or sustainable energy crops) in transport is generally viewed as a sustainable manner in which to mitigate the climate...
Published 2016.01.20: Publication

Final EPA rule for Renewable Fuel Standard 2014–2016 volumes

On November 30, 2015 EPA released its final rule for volume standards for the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program in 2014-2016 as well as the biomass-based diesel volume for 2017. This final rule...
Published 2015.12.11: Publication

Assessment of the scale of potential indirect emissions due to higher oil use

The inclusion of indirect land use change (ILUC) emissions in the life-cycle assessment of biofuels in several biofuel policies has led to increased attention to the question of whether there are...
Published 2015.10.15: Publication

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