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International policy and market drivers of Indonesian palm oil demand

Indonesia produces roughly half of all palm oil and palm kernel oil globally. Palm oil has a variety of uses in food, animal feed, oleochemicals, and other industrial purposes. One significant use of...
Published 2019.01.30: Publication

Long-term aviation fuel decarbonization: Progress, roadblocks, and policy opportunities

Aviation is widely seen as the transport sector that is most difficult to decarbonize.  One option to dramatically reduce emissions within the aviation sector is through the use of low-carbon...
Published 2019.01.15: Publication

What is the role for renewable methane in European decarbonization?

Renewable methane blended in the fossil gas supply is seen as a potential long-term decarbonization solution in the transport, power, and heat sectors in the European Union. It can be produced from...
Published 2018.10.16: Publication

Sustainability challenges of lignocellulosic bioenergy crops

This briefing paper reviews evidence on the environmental risks of growing lignocellulosic energy crops for biofuel production. The sustainability of energy crops such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, and...
Published 2018.02.26: Publication

How rapeseed and soy biodiesel drive oil palm expansion

The role of food-based biofuels in climate mitigation policies such has long been controversial due to their impact on food prices and land use. Even when biofuel feedstocks are grown on existing...
Published 2017.07.27: Publication

A conversational guide to Renewable Identification Numbers in the RFS2

The U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) promotes the use of biofuels in road transportation fuel through volume mandates, which increase each year under the regulation. The Environmental Protection...
Published 2014.05.08: Publication

How the Renewable Fuel Standard works

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) has been in the spotlight recently, as competing demands mount to increase or decrease the mandated volume of biofuel that must be blended into gasoline and diesel...
Published 2014.02.11: Publication

Vegetable oil markets and the EU biofuel mandate

An important question when estimating the indirect land use change emissions from biodiesel feedstocks is whether vegetable oils replace each other in the market, so that increased demand for one may...
Published 2013.02.11: Publication

Biodiesel carbon intensity, sustainability and effects on vehicles and emissions

This paper summarizes direct and indirect emission and sustainability impacts of biodiesel and assesses the effect of biodiesel blends from the most common feedstocks on compression ignition engine...
Published 2012.01.17: Publication