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Understanding options for ILUC mitigation

Indirect land use change (ILUC) is land use change that occurs when existing cropland is used to cover the feedstock demand of additional biofuel or bioenergy production. ILUC results in the...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

Biofrontiers: Responsible innovation for tomorrow's liquid fuels

The Biofrontiers project set out to shed light on the challenges associated with advanced alternative low-carbon fuels, bringing together eleven stakeholders from both industry and civil society to...
Published 2016.10.14: Publication

Assessing progress towards implementation of the ILUC Directive

In 2012 the European Commission proposed Directive 2015/1513 amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive to address indirect land-use change (ILUC). Directive 2015/1513 has...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

A Guide for the Perplexed to the Indirect Effects of Biofuels Production

Over the past decade, the concept of indirect land use change (ILUC) has come from obscurity to become a primary concern for biofuels policy. In the U.S., the Renewable Fuel Standard and California's...
Published 2014.09.04: Publication

EU Energy Council draft directive on indirect land use change

On June 13, the European Union’s Council of Energy Ministers agreed to a common position on the draft “ILUC proposal.” The Ministers’ June proposal would amend the Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality...
Published 2014.07.30: Publication

Wasted: Europe's untapped resource

Key findings: If all the wastes and residues that are sustainably available in the European Union were converted only to biofuels, this could supply 16 per cent of road transport fuel in 2030. (...
Published 2014.02.26: Publication

Availability of cellulosic residues and wastes in the EU

Demand for renewable energy has grown in the European Union over recent years, with policy support through the Renewable Energy Directive, Fuel Quality Directive, and Emissions Trading Scheme. While...
Published 2013.10.22: Publication

European Parliament votes on a revised iLUC proposal

On 11th September, the European Parliament voted on its first reading of a proposal from the European Commission to manage the risk of indirect land use change from the Renewable Energy and Fuel...
Published 2013.09.26: Blog Post

Industry and NGOs come together on sustainable second generation biofuels for Europe

Last week, a coalition of European environmental NGOs and advanced biofuel companies issued a joint statement on their position on support for sustainable second generation biofuels ahead of today’s...A joint statement from EU advanced biofuel industry and NGOs calls for a clear and stable incentive framework for biofuels produced from wastes and residues
Published 2013.09.11: Blog Post

Am iLUC-ing in the wrong place?

There is a modern parable that goes something like this: An observer sees a man searching for something under a streetlight and asks what the man has lost. He says he lost his keys and they both...A new calculation for estimating iLUC emissions proposed in Europe by Prof. Uwe Lahl has the benefit of simplicity, but the drawback of not answering the right question.
Published 2013.07.10: Blog Post

Vegetable oil markets and the EU biofuel mandate

An important question when estimating the indirect land use change emissions from biodiesel feedstocks is whether vegetable oils replace each other in the market, so that increased demand for one may...
Published 2013.02.11: Publication

GCB Bioenergy paper: European biofuel policy will fail to deliver unless ‘iLUC factors’ are added

A new ICCT study, in the journal ‘Global Change Biology: Bioenergy’, shows that without modification the existing EU biofuels mandate is likely to fail in its goal of reducing CO2 emissions from...
Published 2012.10.05: Publication

Environmental burden shifting and sustainability criteria for biofuels

Biofuels are here for three reasons – climate change mitigation, energy security and to increase rural incomes. The supposed climate change mitigation potential of biofuels comes with the idea that...Biofuels policies are normally justified as global warming mitigation measures, as well as having benefits for energy security and rural development. However, intensive agricultural production...
Published 2012.03.26: Blog Post

Historical Analysis and Projection of Oil Palm Plantation Expansion on Peatland in Southeast Asia

This study demonstrates that the area of industrial oil palm (OP) plantations in the peatlands of insular Southeast Asia (Malaysia and Indonesia, except the Papua Provinces) has increased drastically...
Published 2012.02.22: Publication

Scenarios for UK biofuel deployment

The UK Department for Transport has just released a set of reports by the consultancy AEA Technology assessing different scenarios for the UK to meet it’s biofuel use targets under the Renewable...A short summary of new UK DfT research on pathway to meet UK commitments under the RED and FQD
Published 2012.01.23: Blog Post

Estimating Displacement Ratios of Wheat DDGS in Animal Feed Rations in Great Britain

Much previous work on this subject has been based on simple assessments of the comparative protein and energy content of distillers’ grains. In reality, however, livestock diets are formulated based...
Published 2011.11.22: Publication