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International policy and market drivers of Indonesian palm oil demand

Indonesia produces roughly half of all palm oil and palm kernel oil globally. Palm oil has a variety of uses in food, animal feed, oleochemicals, and other industrial purposes. One significant use of...
Published 2019.01.30: Publication

Long-term aviation fuel decarbonization: Progress, roadblocks, and policy opportunities

Aviation is widely seen as the transport sector that is most difficult to decarbonize.  One option to dramatically reduce emissions within the aviation sector is through the use of low-carbon...
Published 2019.01.15: Publication

Can India Leapfrog First-Generation Biofuels?

Earlier this year, India approved a sweeping update to its National Policy on Biofuels, which lays out an ambitious plan to substantially increase domestic biofuel production. Unlike the Renewable...India’s biofuel policy update discourages food-based fuels, focusing instead on increasing production of second-generation biofuels made from wastes and inedible energy crops.
Published 2018.12.11: Blog Post

The low-ILUC loophole could allow business-as-usual palm oil imports for biodiesel in Europe

The European Commission’s recast Renewable Energy Directive to 2030 (RED II) includes a provision to phase out the contribution of biofuels produced from feedstocks that are high-ILUC risk by 2030....The EC will will soon decide on criteria for classifying high- and low-risk indirect land use change (ILUC) biofuels under the RED II. If the Commission gets it right, this provision could make a...
Published 2018.12.03: Blog Post

Advanced biofuel policies in select EU member states: 2018 update

This update provides details on the latest policy measures that six select European Union member states (Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom) are taking to support...
Published 2018.11.30: Publication

The potential for low-carbon renewable methane as a transport fuel in France, Italy, and Spain

Renewable methane could conceivably displace natural gas for use in existing vehicle fleets, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as emissions of air pollutants like NOx. It is important...
Published 2018.11.05: Publication

Renewable gas is a distraction for Europe

There’s no room for natural gas in a fully decarbonized future. But the European gas industry argues we should continue using natural gas infrastructure and vehicles because the European Union’s (EU...The European gas industry argues we should continue using natural gas infrastructure and vehicles because the European Union’s gas supply can be transformed to a fully renewable resource by 2050. Is...
Published 2018.11.01: Blog Post

Kinks in the pipeline: A survey of downstream alternative jet fuels challenges

We often hear about how biofuels and other alternative fuels will be needed to decarbonize the aviation sector in the long-run. How easy or difficult will this be to achieve? There are already some...Although touted by some as necessary to decarbonize the aviation sector, logistics are still an issue for alternative jet fuels.
Published 2018.10.31: Blog Post

Can alternative jet fuels crowd out demand from the road sector?

In the aviation industry’s vision of the future, neatly laid out by the International Civil Aviation Organization, airlines can meet all of their obligations under the Paris Agreement through simple...Proponents of alternative jet fuels often ignore the reality that many other sectors have laid claims to limited bio-resources as part of their own decarbonization strategies
Published 2018.10.24: Blog Post

What is the role for renewable methane in European decarbonization?

Renewable methane blended in the fossil gas supply is seen as a potential long-term decarbonization solution in the transport, power, and heat sectors in the European Union. It can be produced from...
Published 2018.10.16: Publication

The potential for low-carbon renewable methane in heating, power, and transport in the European Union

Policymakers throughout the European Union (EU) are evaluating their alternative energy options to help deliver on their air quality and climate change mitigation goals within the transport,...
Published 2018.10.16: Publication

Will slow and steady win the race for alternative jet fuels?

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) relies heavily on the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from...Despite ICAO's reliance on alternative jet fuels to decarbonize the avaiation industry, production does not appear to be keeping up.
Published 2018.10.09: Blog Post

Potential economic, health, and greenhouse gas benefits of incorporating used cooking oil into Indonesia’s biodiesel

Indonesia has an ambitious 20% blending mandate for biodiesel in transport diesel fuel and relies almost entirely on palm oil to meet this target. This white paper assesses the potential of used...
Published 2018.09.19: Publication

EPA sets a first in accurately accounting for GHG emissions from waste biofuel feedstocks

In a rule released last month, EPA became the first regulatory body to accurately account for greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from displacing waste, residue, and byproduct biofuel feedstocks from pre-...In a rule released last month, EPA became the first regulatory body to accurately account for greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from displacing waste, residue, and byproduct biofuel feedstocks from pre-...
Published 2018.09.17: Blog Post

ICAO’s CORSIA scheme provides a weak nudge for in-sector carbon reductions

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has not yet figured out how to decarbonize jet fuels. Under the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA),...ICAO's Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation will probably not provide a meaningful framework to transition to alternative jet fuels.
Published 2018.08.06: Blog Post

Policy and Environmental Implications of Using HEFA+ for Aviation

The aviation sector must confront rapidly increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and ambitious decarbonization targets. Alternative jet fuels (AJFs) could be route to decarbonizing this sector,...
Published 2018.03.21: Publication

Using a Contracts for Difference Program to Support Dairy Biogas in California

As part of its overall climate strategy, California is seeking reductions in short-lived climate pollutants, such as methane, through the implementation of the 2016 Senate Bill 1383. This California...
Published 2018.03.07: Publication

Potential for advanced biofuel production from palm residues in Indonesia

Indonesia’s goals of national greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction and biofuel production could be pursued synergistically through the promotion of more sustainable palm oil and biofuel production...
Published 2016.06.09: Publication

Yes We Can! (Meet the EU advanced biofuels target, that is)

One of the environmentally positive outcomes of the EU’s ILUC Directive was the requirement for Member States to set national targets for advanced biofuels made from non-food feedstocks including...Matching strong incentives for the cellulosic industry with rules for the sustainable production and harvest of feedstocks could usher in a new era of very low carbon renewable fuels that help us...
Published 2016.02.11: Blog Post

Petroleum life-cycle emissions—did we forget something?

Some biofuels proponents have recently been at odds with regulators over the extent to which some fuels policies could unfairly burden biofuels against fossil fuels. The question at the heart of the...Some biofuels proponents argue that if regulations factor indirect land-use change into estimates of biofuel carbon intensity, they should also estimate indirect carbon emissions from petroleum. It's...
Published 2016.01.29: Blog Post

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