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The low-ILUC loophole could allow business-as-usual palm oil imports for biodiesel in Europe

The European Commission’s recast Renewable Energy Directive to 2030 (RED II) includes a provision to phase out the contribution of biofuels produced from feedstocks that are high-ILUC risk by 2030....The EC will will soon decide on criteria for classifying high- and low-risk indirect land use change (ILUC) biofuels under the RED II. If the Commission gets it right, this provision could make a...
Published 2018.12.03: Blog Post

The potential for low-carbon renewable methane as a transport fuel in France, Italy, and Spain

Renewable methane could conceivably displace natural gas for use in existing vehicle fleets, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as emissions of air pollutants like NOx. It is important...
Published 2018.11.05: Publication

Renewable gas is a distraction for Europe

There’s no room for natural gas in a fully decarbonized future. But the European gas industry argues we should continue using natural gas infrastructure and vehicles because the European Union’s (EU...The European gas industry argues we should continue using natural gas infrastructure and vehicles because the European Union’s gas supply can be transformed to a fully renewable resource by 2050. Is...
Published 2018.11.01: Blog Post

Is the Renewable Fuel Standard enough to spur progress in advanced biofuels? Probably not.

Production of cellulosic biofuel is expected to fall nearly 7 billion gallons short of meeting the statutory Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) volume for this type of advanced biofuel in 2018, which has...Government grant and loan guarantees, not the Renewable Fuel Standard, have been essential in spurring progress in the cellulosic biofuel industry.
Published 2018.10.18: Blog Post

What the Senate missed in counting forest bioenergy emissions

It’s usually a bad idea when lawmakers overturn scientific consensus; think North Carolina banning the use of estimates for sea level rise in making long-term coastal land-use policies. Now, Congress...Using whole trees for biomass is not going to be an effective climate mitigation strategy. It’s clear that proper carbon accounting is needed for all biomass pathways, and EPA should be allowed to...
Published 2016.05.09: Blog Post

Waste, residue and by‐product definitions for the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard

This report by ICF International was commissioned by ICCT to inform life-cycle treatment of biofuel feedstocks under California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS), as well as biofuel regulations in...
Published 2016.01.27: Publication

Final EPA rule for Renewable Fuel Standard 2014–2016 volumes

On November 30, 2015 EPA released its final rule for volume standards for the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program in 2014-2016 as well as the biomass-based diesel volume for 2017. This final rule...
Published 2015.12.11: Publication

Proposed amendments to EU Fuel Quality and Renewable Energy Directives

The European Commission is finalizing a new proposal for amendments to Europe’s Fuel Quality and renewable Energy Directives that will address indirect land use change (ILUC) and limit support for...
Published 2012.09.29: Publication