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The low-ILUC loophole could allow business-as-usual palm oil imports for biodiesel in Europe

The European Commission’s recast Renewable Energy Directive to 2030 (RED II) includes a provision to phase out the contribution of biofuels produced from feedstocks that are high-ILUC risk by 2030....The EC will will soon decide on criteria for classifying high- and low-risk indirect land use change (ILUC) biofuels under the RED II. If the Commission gets it right, this provision could make a...
Published 2018.12.03: Blog Post

Advanced biofuel policies in select EU member states: 2018 update

This update provides details on the latest policy measures that six select European Union member states (Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom) are taking to support...
Published 2018.11.30: Publication

Analysis of high and low indirect land-use change definitions in European Union renewable fuel policy

The European Union (EU) will continue incentivizing the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels through its recast Renewable Energy Directive for 2021-2030 (RED II). This directive includes a...
Published 2018.11.15: Publication

Fact Sheet: Defining low and high ILUC biofuels in European Union policy

Fact sheet regarding the impact of high and low indirect land-use change definitions in European Union renewable fuel policy
Published 2018.11.15: Publication

The potential for low-carbon renewable methane as a transport fuel in France, Italy, and Spain

Renewable methane could conceivably displace natural gas for use in existing vehicle fleets, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as emissions of air pollutants like NOx. It is important...
Published 2018.11.05: Publication

Renewable gas is a distraction for Europe

There’s no room for natural gas in a fully decarbonized future. But the European gas industry argues we should continue using natural gas infrastructure and vehicles because the European Union’s (EU...The European gas industry argues we should continue using natural gas infrastructure and vehicles because the European Union’s gas supply can be transformed to a fully renewable resource by 2050. Is...
Published 2018.11.01: Blog Post

Kinks in the pipeline: A survey of downstream alternative jet fuels challenges

We often hear about how biofuels and other alternative fuels will be needed to decarbonize the aviation sector in the long-run. How easy or difficult will this be to achieve? There are already some...Although touted by some as necessary to decarbonize the aviation sector, logistics are still an issue for alternative jet fuels.
Published 2018.10.31: Blog Post

What is the role for renewable methane in European decarbonization?

Renewable methane blended in the fossil gas supply is seen as a potential long-term decarbonization solution in the transport, power, and heat sectors in the European Union. It can be produced from...
Published 2018.10.16: Publication

The potential for low-carbon renewable methane in heating, power, and transport in the European Union

Policymakers throughout the European Union (EU) are evaluating their alternative energy options to help deliver on their air quality and climate change mitigation goals within the transport,...
Published 2018.10.16: Publication

Bioenergy can solve some of our climate problems, but not all of them at once

Bioenergy has become a popular decarbonization strategy—so popular that policy makers and researchers in several sectors are claiming biofuels, bio-electricity, and bio-heat can deliver a large...Bioenergy has become a popular decarbonization strategy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, even if bioenergy production is maximized, competition across industry sectors is high.
Published 2018.10.15: Blog Post

Will slow and steady win the race for alternative jet fuels?

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) relies heavily on the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from...Despite ICAO's reliance on alternative jet fuels to decarbonize the avaiation industry, production does not appear to be keeping up.
Published 2018.10.09: Blog Post

Final recast Renewable Energy Directive for 2021-2030 in the European Union

As part of its ‘Clean Energy for all Europeans’ package, the European Commission in 2016 proposed an update of the Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021 – 2030 (RED II). A final compromise...
Published 2018.07.19: Publication

A comparison of induced land-use change emissions estimates from energy crops

The introduction of the first generation of biofuels made from food crops has been controversial largely due to concerns over competition for land with food crops, thus raising global crop prices and...
Published 2018.02.06: Publication

Review of the impact of crop residue management on soil organic carbon in Europe

Crop residues, including wheat straw and corn stover, are a feedstock for the production of cellulosic biofuel that could contribute to meeting advanced biofuel targets and decarbonization goals for...
Published 2017.12.15: Publication

Greenwashing food-based biofuels in Europe

The term “Highly sustainable crop based biofuels” (HSCBBs) sounds environmentally friendly. It sounds like the kind of low-carbon biofuel that avoids the food vs. fuel debate. But unfortunately, the...The food-based biofuel cap is in the Commission’s Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) proposal for a reason, and effectively removing it through the exception for HSCCBs can hardly be called “...
Published 2017.10.30: Blog Post

The EU needs new environmental safeguard measures for advanced biofuels

Late last year, on November 30, 2016, the European Commission (EC), proposed requiring fuel suppliers to have a 3.6% minimum share of transportation fuels from a preapproved list of non-food...The EC’s proposed mandate can indeed be an important step toward advanced biofuels, but it can and should do more to avoid unintended consequences. Improving the sustainability criteria defined in...
Published 2017.10.03: Blog Post

Indirect greenhouse gas emissions of molasses ethanol in the European Union

The European Commission has proposed adding molasses to a list of advanced biofuel feedstocks eligible for support in the 2021-2030 timeframe under the recast Renewable Energy Directive. Final stage...
Published 2017.09.27: Publication

Effective policy design for promoting investment in advanced alternative fuels

Low-carbon fuels produced from non-food feedstocks have the potential to deliver deep greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions in transport fuels, but their commercialization has been slow despite a decade of...
Published 2017.09.21: Publication

Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

How rapeseed and soy biodiesel drive oil palm expansion

The role of food-based biofuels in climate mitigation policies such has long been controversial due to their impact on food prices and land use. Even when biofuel feedstocks are grown on existing...
Published 2017.07.27: Publication

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