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Compatibility of mid-level biodiesel blends in vehicles in Indonesia

Indonesia promotes biodiesel consumption through a blending mandate and a subsidy program. The current required biodiesel blend level in transport fuels is 20%, set to increase to 30% in 2020. The...
Published 2018.04.17: Publication

Canada lags the United States in climate accounting of biofuels

The Clean Fuel Standard (CFS), a major pillar of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change, aims to reduce GHG emissions by 30 million tonnes of CO2e annually by 2030 by reducing...Canada's Clean Fuel Standard aims to reduce GHG emissions by 30 million tonnes of CO2e annually by 2030. However, by ignoring emissions from indirect land-use change, the CFS could hit its target on...
Published 2018.04.04: Blog Post

Policy and Environmental Implications of Using HEFA+ for Aviation

The aviation sector must confront rapidly increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and ambitious decarbonization targets. Alternative jet fuels (AJFs) could be route to decarbonizing this sector,...
Published 2018.03.21: Publication

Don't throw out California's ILUC factors yet

Soy biodiesel is generally understood to have high indirect land use change (ILUC) emissions.  For example, California assigns an ILUC factor of 29 gCO2e/MJ to biodiesel in its Low Carbon Fuel...Newer is not always better. California’s ILUC analysis relies on stronger evidence on palm oil expansion than a new study from Argonne National Laboratory.
Published 2018.03.09: Blog Post

Using a Contracts for Difference Program to Support Dairy Biogas in California

As part of its overall climate strategy, California is seeking reductions in short-lived climate pollutants, such as methane, through the implementation of the 2016 Senate Bill 1383. This California...
Published 2018.03.07: Publication

Sustainability challenges of lignocellulosic bioenergy crops

This briefing paper reviews evidence on the environmental risks of growing lignocellulosic energy crops for biofuel production. The sustainability of energy crops such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, and...
Published 2018.02.26: Publication

A comparison of induced land-use change emissions estimates from energy crops

The introduction of the first generation of biofuels made from food crops has been controversial largely due to concerns over competition for land with food crops, thus raising global crop prices and...
Published 2018.02.06: Publication

Review of the impact of crop residue management on soil organic carbon in Europe

Crop residues, including wheat straw and corn stover, are a feedstock for the production of cellulosic biofuel that could contribute to meeting advanced biofuel targets and decarbonization goals for...
Published 2017.12.15: Publication

The hidden cost of Indonesia’s biodiesel mandate to consumers

Indonesian drivers probably don’t realize they are paying more at the pump because of their country’s biodiesel mandate, which sets ambitious targets for the blending of biodiesel in diesel fuel....Indonesian drivers probably don’t realize they are paying more at the pump because of their country’s biodiesel mandate, which sets ambitious targets for the blending of biodiesel in diesel fuel....
Published 2017.11.15: Blog Post

Greenwashing food-based biofuels in Europe

The term “Highly sustainable crop based biofuels” (HSCBBs) sounds environmentally friendly. It sounds like the kind of low-carbon biofuel that avoids the food vs. fuel debate. But unfortunately, the...The food-based biofuel cap is in the Commission’s Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) proposal for a reason, and effectively removing it through the exception for HSCCBs can hardly be called “...
Published 2017.10.30: Blog Post

Alternative jet fuels: Case study of commercial-scale deployment

Several airlines around the globe have conducted or participated in pilot projects to demonstrate the feasibility of using alternative jet fuel (AJF) on regular flights. However, most of these...
Published 2017.10.24: Publication

The EU needs new environmental safeguard measures for advanced biofuels

Late last year, on November 30, 2016, the European Commission (EC), proposed requiring fuel suppliers to have a 3.6% minimum share of transportation fuels from a preapproved list of non-food...The EC’s proposed mandate can indeed be an important step toward advanced biofuels, but it can and should do more to avoid unintended consequences. Improving the sustainability criteria defined in...
Published 2017.10.03: Blog Post

Indirect greenhouse gas emissions of molasses ethanol in the European Union

The European Commission has proposed adding molasses to a list of advanced biofuel feedstocks eligible for support in the 2021-2030 timeframe under the recast Renewable Energy Directive. Final stage...
Published 2017.09.27: Publication

Effective policy design for promoting investment in advanced alternative fuels

Low-carbon fuels produced from non-food feedstocks have the potential to deliver deep greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions in transport fuels, but their commercialization has been slow despite a decade of...
Published 2017.09.21: Publication

Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

How rapeseed and soy biodiesel drive oil palm expansion

The role of food-based biofuels in climate mitigation policies such has long been controversial due to their impact on food prices and land use. Even when biofuel feedstocks are grown on existing...
Published 2017.07.27: Publication

Where does the U.S. stand on biofuels now?

The Trump administration has voiced general support for the country’s Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), but how its implementation of the RFS would differ from previous administrations has so far...The messages on cost, greenhouse gas emissions, and latitude in interpreting the statute may not be entirely consistent, but one thing is clear: U.S. EPA is now intent on dialing down RFS obligations...
Published 2017.07.11: Blog Post

Potential greenhouse gas savings from a 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target with indirect emissions accounting for the European Union

The European Commission’s proposal for a recast Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021-2030 (RED II) includes a 6.8% target for renewable energy to be used in transport. This target can be...
Published 2017.05.05: Publication

Mitigating international aviation emissions: Risks and opportunities for alternative jet fuels

The aviation sector—and its associated GHG emissions—are projected to grow at an exponential rate over the next several decades. To mitigate this rise in emissions, some have touted alternative jet...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

Cross-price elasticities for oils and fats in the U.S. and the EU

Market linkages between oils and fats are essential for understanding the indirect impacts of biodiesel and renewable diesel production. This study was commissioned by ICCT and performed by Fabio...
Published 2017.03.06: Publication

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