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Potential economic, health, and greenhouse gas benefits of incorporating used cooking oil into Indonesia’s biodiesel

Indonesia has an ambitious 20% blending mandate for biodiesel in transport diesel fuel and relies almost entirely on palm oil to meet this target. This white paper assesses the potential of used...
Published 2018.09.19: Publication

EPA sets a first in accurately accounting for GHG emissions from waste biofuel feedstocks

In a rule released last month, EPA became the first regulatory body to accurately account for greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from displacing waste, residue, and byproduct biofuel feedstocks from pre-...In a rule released last month, EPA became the first regulatory body to accurately account for greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from displacing waste, residue, and byproduct biofuel feedstocks from pre-...
Published 2018.09.17: Blog Post

ICAO’s CORSIA scheme provides a weak nudge for in-sector carbon reductions

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has not yet figured out how to decarbonize jet fuels. Under the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA),...ICAO's Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation will probably not provide a meaningful framework to transition to alternative jet fuels.
Published 2018.08.06: Blog Post

B10: Os debates sobre o combustível de referência não devem atrasar a adoção de limites de emissão rigorosos para veículos pesados no Brasil

Com a publicação da regra final das normas de emissão China VI em 28 de junho de 2018, o Brasil assume a vergonhosa posição de ser o último grande mercado automotivo sem limites de emissão...O Brasil é o último dos grandes mercados automotivos sem padrões para emissões de veículos pesados equivalentes ao Euro VI para proteção à saúde pública. A implementação rápida do P-8 resolveria tal...
Published 2018.08.03: Blog Post

To B10 or not to B10: Reference fuel debates should not delay adoption of world-class heavy-duty vehicle emission standards in Brazil

With the publication of the final rule for China VI emission standards on June 28, 2018, Brazil has the ignominious honor of being the last major automotive market without Euro VI-equivalent emission...Brazil is the last major auto market without Euro VI-equivalent emission standards for HDVs in place to protect public health. Implementing P-8 standards quickly would remedy that situation, and...
Published 2018.08.01: Blog Post

Final recast Renewable Energy Directive for 2021-2030 in the European Union

As part of its ‘Clean Energy for all Europeans’ package, the European Commission in 2016 proposed an update of the Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021 – 2030 (RED II). A final compromise...
Published 2018.07.19: Publication

Palm oil is the elephant in the greenhouse

Palm oil isn’t as bad for climate as you think. It’s worse. The oil palm industry is expanding quickly into tropical rainforest, and increasingly into peat swamp forest. The total land area planted...Palm oil isn’t as bad for climate as you think. It’s worse.
Published 2018.06.06: Blog Post

ILUC factors and palm oil yields: Resolving an apparent contradiction

Farmers and other biofuel stakeholders sometimes express disbelief in the magnitude of indirect land use change (ILUC) emissions that researchers say is associated with palm oil biodiesel. For...Palm plantations have a much higher yield of vegetable oil per hectare compared to rapeseed and other oil crops. How can the ILUC emissions for palm oil biodiesel be so much higher than for those...
Published 2018.05.31: Blog Post

Compatibility of mid-level biodiesel blends in vehicles in Indonesia

Indonesia promotes biodiesel consumption through a blending mandate and a subsidy program. The current required biodiesel blend level in transport fuels is 20%, set to increase to 30% in 2020. The...
Published 2018.04.17: Publication

Canada lags the United States in climate accounting of biofuels

The Clean Fuel Standard (CFS), a major pillar of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change, aims to reduce GHG emissions by 30 million tonnes of CO2e annually by 2030 by reducing...Canada's Clean Fuel Standard aims to reduce GHG emissions by 30 million tonnes of CO2e annually by 2030. However, by ignoring emissions from indirect land-use change, the CFS could hit its target on...
Published 2018.04.04: Blog Post

Policy and Environmental Implications of Using HEFA+ for Aviation

The aviation sector must confront rapidly increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and ambitious decarbonization targets. Alternative jet fuels (AJFs) could be route to decarbonizing this sector,...
Published 2018.03.21: Publication

Don't throw out California's ILUC factors yet

Soy biodiesel is generally understood to have high indirect land use change (ILUC) emissions.  For example, California assigns an ILUC factor of 29 gCO2e/MJ to biodiesel in its Low Carbon Fuel...Newer is not always better. California’s ILUC analysis relies on stronger evidence on palm oil expansion than a new study from Argonne National Laboratory.
Published 2018.03.09: Blog Post

Using a Contracts for Difference Program to Support Dairy Biogas in California

As part of its overall climate strategy, California is seeking reductions in short-lived climate pollutants, such as methane, through the implementation of the 2016 Senate Bill 1383. This California...
Published 2018.03.07: Publication

Sustainability challenges of lignocellulosic bioenergy crops

This briefing paper reviews evidence on the environmental risks of growing lignocellulosic energy crops for biofuel production. The sustainability of energy crops such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, and...
Published 2018.02.26: Publication

A comparison of induced land-use change emissions estimates from energy crops

The introduction of the first generation of biofuels made from food crops has been controversial largely due to concerns over competition for land with food crops, thus raising global crop prices and...
Published 2018.02.06: Publication

Comments to the U.S. EPA on the Renewable Fuel Standard Program; Grain Sorghum Oil Pathway proposed rule

Written comments by the ICCT to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regarding the proposed Renewable Fuel Standard Program; Sorghum Oil Pathway rule. The comments offer a number of technical...
Published 2018.01.26: News

Review of the impact of crop residue management on soil organic carbon in Europe

Crop residues, including wheat straw and corn stover, are a feedstock for the production of cellulosic biofuel that could contribute to meeting advanced biofuel targets and decarbonization goals for...
Published 2017.12.15: Publication

The hidden cost of Indonesia’s biodiesel mandate to consumers

Indonesian drivers probably don’t realize they are paying more at the pump because of their country’s biodiesel mandate, which sets ambitious targets for the blending of biodiesel in diesel fuel....Indonesian drivers probably don’t realize they are paying more at the pump because of their country’s biodiesel mandate, which sets ambitious targets for the blending of biodiesel in diesel fuel....
Published 2017.11.15: Blog Post

Greenwashing food-based biofuels in Europe

The term “Highly sustainable crop based biofuels” (HSCBBs) sounds environmentally friendly. It sounds like the kind of low-carbon biofuel that avoids the food vs. fuel debate. But unfortunately, the...The food-based biofuel cap is in the Commission’s Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) proposal for a reason, and effectively removing it through the exception for HSCCBs can hardly be called “...
Published 2017.10.30: Blog Post

Alternative jet fuels: Case study of commercial-scale deployment

Several airlines around the globe have conducted or participated in pilot projects to demonstrate the feasibility of using alternative jet fuel (AJF) on regular flights. However, most of these...
Published 2017.10.24: Publication

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