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The EU must go further on CO2 truck targets

The European Union in now on the path to become the sixth market to regulate CO2 emissions or fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles. Japan, the United States, Canada, China and India have already...Increasing the stringency of the Europe's CO2 standards for HDVs would not only result in greater CO2 savings but also in a lower total cost of ownership for transport operators.
Published 2018.08.08: Blog Post

ICAO’s CORSIA scheme provides a weak nudge for in-sector carbon reductions

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has not yet figured out how to decarbonize jet fuels. Under the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA),...ICAO's Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation will probably not provide a meaningful framework to transition to alternative jet fuels.
Published 2018.08.06: Blog Post

B10: Os debates sobre o combustível de referência não devem atrasar a adoção de limites de emissão rigorosos para veículos pesados no Brasil

Com a publicação da regra final das normas de emissão China VI em 28 de junho de 2018, o Brasil assume a vergonhosa posição de ser o último grande mercado automotivo sem limites de emissão...O Brasil é o último dos grandes mercados automotivos sem padrões para emissões de veículos pesados equivalentes ao Euro VI para proteção à saúde pública. A implementação rápida do P-8 resolveria tal...
Published 2018.08.03: Blog Post

On vehicle efficiency standards, it’s time for Canada to chart its own course

On Thursday, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) released a joint Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for revised fuel efficiency...Now that the EPA and NHTSA proposal for revised fuel efficiency standards is out, the full extent of the roll back and the significant implications for Canada are clear
Published 2018.08.02: Blog Post

To B10 or not to B10: Reference fuel debates should not delay adoption of world-class heavy-duty vehicle emission standards in Brazil

With the publication of the final rule for China VI emission standards on June 28, 2018, Brazil has the ignominious honor of being the last major automotive market without Euro VI-equivalent emission...Brazil is the last major auto market without Euro VI-equivalent emission standards for HDVs in place to protect public health. Implementing P-8 standards quickly would remedy that situation, and...
Published 2018.08.01: Blog Post

Iceland is one of the world's most interesting electric vehicle markets

Iceland is a small country by measures like population and population density. But such measures do not always tell the full tale. Policymakers, researchers, and anyone interested in the future of...Iceland's electric vehicle market is booming. With low-carbon and inexpensive electricity, high fossil fuel prices, a high urbanization rate, and almost half of prospective buyers planning to...
Published 2018.07.09: Blog Post

China VI: A milestone for the world’s transition to soot-free vehicles

On June 28, China officially released the China VI emission standard for new heavy-duty vehicles, which is equivalent to, or in some aspects even more stringent, than the Euro VI emission standard....On June 28, China officially released the China VI emission standard for new heavy-duty vehicles. If effectively implemented, it will transition all new heavy-duty vehicles in China to soot-free...
Published 2018.07.03: Blog Post

Off the hook: Europe's current ZLEV proposal would allow CO2 emissions of new combustion engine vehicles to increase

In order to promote the uptake of electrified vehicles, the European Commission included targets for zero-and low-emission vehicles (ZLEV) in its recent regulatory proposal for the time period up to...Even though targets for low- and zero-emission vehicles are an innovative approach for EU standards, they could undercut the climate benefit of the regulation. Fortunately, with some slight...
Published 2018.06.21: Blog Post

Palm oil is the elephant in the greenhouse

Palm oil isn’t as bad for climate as you think. It’s worse. The oil palm industry is expanding quickly into tropical rainforest, and increasingly into peat swamp forest. The total land area planted...Palm oil isn’t as bad for climate as you think. It’s worse.
Published 2018.06.06: Blog Post

ILUC factors and palm oil yields: Resolving an apparent contradiction

Farmers and other biofuel stakeholders sometimes express disbelief in the magnitude of indirect land use change (ILUC) emissions that researchers say is associated with palm oil biodiesel. For...Palm plantations have a much higher yield of vegetable oil per hectare compared to rapeseed and other oil crops. How can the ILUC emissions for palm oil biodiesel be so much higher than for those...
Published 2018.05.31: Blog Post

Deixado para trás: Brasil poderá ser o último grande mercado automotivo a adotar o padrão Euro VI

Post in English O Brasil poderá ser o último dos grandes mercados automotivos sem padrões equivalentes ao Euro VI para caminhões e ônibus. As emissões de veículos novos são controladas através de...O padrão P-8 equivalente ao Euro VI é uma das políticas públicas mais custo efetivas que o Brasil poderia adotar na luta contra a poluição dos ônibus e caminhões.
Published 2018.05.23: Blog Post

Left in the dust: Brazil might be the last major automotive market to adopt Euro VI standards

Post em Português Brazil might be the last major automotive market without Euro VI-equivalent standards in place for heavy-duty trucks and buses. Emissions from new vehicles are controlled through...Euro VI-equivalent standards are one of the most cost-effective public policies Brazil could adopt to address air pollution from buses and heavy-duty vehicles.
Published 2018.05.23: Blog Post

NOx technology breakthrough or media stunt to halt diesel’s demise?

Bosch recently announced, with great fanfare, a breakthrough in the automotive world: A new technology that would solve once and for all the nitrogen oxide (NOx) problem of diesel engines. Being the...A new technology was recently announced that would solve the nitrogen oxide emission problem from diesel engines. But, is this really a new technological breakthrough?
Published 2018.05.22: Blog Post

Yes, your mother loves the flowers, but maybe not the cost of flying them in

Twice a year, at Valentine’s Day and Mother’s Day, newspapers in the U.S. often print articles informing the public where their flowers come from. While the main purpose of these stories may be to...Around Mother’s Day, media outlets often publish articles about where the flowers we buy often originate and the extraordinary efforts taken to transport them to the U.S. How much jet fuel is burned...
Published 2018.05.09: Blog Post

ICAO, why can’t you be a bit more like your sister?

Arguably, the biggest climate news so far in 2018 is the International Maritime Organization, or IMO, finally adopting a global climate framework for international shipping. In doing so, it joined...IMO and ICAO, the sister UN agencies governing international shipping and aviation, have both struck global deals on greenhouse gas emissions. But why, oh why ICAO, can’t you be more like your sister...
Published 2018.05.02: Blog Post

How to think about vehicle bans: An update after two major European judicial decisions

In August and again in December of last year, I was asked to speak about the implications of the surprising surge in public announcements of future bans on certain types of vehicles. At the time, I...There has been a surprising surge in announcements by cities and national governments of future bans on certain types of vehicles. These bans are a signal of growing political will, impatience with...
Published 2018.05.02: Blog Post

Did the Delta and United exit from the Persian Gulf have any effect on the market’s fuel efficiency?

In the first quarter of 2016, both Delta Air Lines and United Airlines ended all flights from the U.S. to the Persian Gulf. Delta stated that they terminated their Atlanta-Dubai route because it was...With the exit of Delta and United from the Persian Gulf market, one would expect that there was some impact on the market’s average fuel efficiency. But, is it due to a less diverse mix of aircraft,...
Published 2018.04.24: Blog Post

Is it finally time to be bullish on IMO’s climate policy?

An economics blogger I follow once wrote that it’s impossible to be a long-run market bull if you’re always a short-term market bear. The adage, which points out that it’s philosophically...Progress in establishing a cap on GHG emissions from shipping has been slow going. But, last week, the IMO finally passed a resolution on the first global climate framework for international shipping...
Published 2018.04.19: Blog Post

A no-regrets option: What discussions in the European Parliament spotlight about a light-duty 2025–2030 CO2 standard for the EU

Recently I attended a workshop in the European Parliament on CO2 standards for new passenger cars and vans for 2025–2030, organized by the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (...Although there is broad agreement on what steps need to be taken regarding CO2 standards for new passenger cars and vans, the regulatory proposal from the European Commission is far from actually...
Published 2018.04.04: Blog Post

Canada lags the United States in climate accounting of biofuels

The Clean Fuel Standard (CFS), a major pillar of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change, aims to reduce GHG emissions by 30 million tonnes of CO2e annually by 2030 by reducing...Canada's Clean Fuel Standard aims to reduce GHG emissions by 30 million tonnes of CO2e annually by 2030. However, by ignoring emissions from indirect land-use change, the CFS could hit its target on...
Published 2018.04.04: Blog Post

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