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EPA sets a first in accurately accounting for GHG emissions from waste biofuel feedstocks

In a rule released last month, EPA became the first regulatory body to accurately account for greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from displacing waste, residue, and byproduct biofuel feedstocks from pre-...In a rule released last month, EPA became the first regulatory body to accurately account for greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from displacing waste, residue, and byproduct biofuel feedstocks from pre-...
Published 2018.09.17: Blog Post

ILUC factors and palm oil yields: Resolving an apparent contradiction

Farmers and other biofuel stakeholders sometimes express disbelief in the magnitude of indirect land use change (ILUC) emissions that researchers say is associated with palm oil biodiesel. For...Palm plantations have a much higher yield of vegetable oil per hectare compared to rapeseed and other oil crops. How can the ILUC emissions for palm oil biodiesel be so much higher than for those...
Published 2018.05.31: Blog Post

Canada lags the United States in climate accounting of biofuels

The Clean Fuel Standard (CFS), a major pillar of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change, aims to reduce GHG emissions by 30 million tonnes of CO2e annually by 2030 by reducing...Canada's Clean Fuel Standard aims to reduce GHG emissions by 30 million tonnes of CO2e annually by 2030. However, by ignoring emissions from indirect land-use change, the CFS could hit its target on...
Published 2018.04.04: Blog Post

Policy and Environmental Implications of Using HEFA+ for Aviation

The aviation sector must confront rapidly increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and ambitious decarbonization targets. Alternative jet fuels (AJFs) could be route to decarbonizing this sector,...
Published 2018.03.21: Publication

An overview of Canada's proposed clean fuel standard

This policy update provides a summary of Canada’s proposed federal clean fuel standard (CFS) policy structure based on proposals and the framework document from Environment and Climate Change Canada...
Published 2018.03.13: Publication

Don't throw out California's ILUC factors yet

Soy biodiesel is generally understood to have high indirect land use change (ILUC) emissions.  For example, California assigns an ILUC factor of 29 gCO2e/MJ to biodiesel in its Low Carbon Fuel...Newer is not always better. California’s ILUC analysis relies on stronger evidence on palm oil expansion than a new study from Argonne National Laboratory.
Published 2018.03.09: Blog Post

Sustainability challenges of lignocellulosic bioenergy crops

This briefing paper reviews evidence on the environmental risks of growing lignocellulosic energy crops for biofuel production. The sustainability of energy crops such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, and...
Published 2018.02.26: Publication

A comparison of induced land-use change emissions estimates from energy crops

The introduction of the first generation of biofuels made from food crops has been controversial largely due to concerns over competition for land with food crops, thus raising global crop prices and...
Published 2018.02.06: Publication

Comments to Environment and Climate Change Canada on the Clean Fuel Standard Regulatory Framework

Written comments by the ICCT to Environment and Climate Change Canada regarding the agency's proposed Clean Fuel Standard framework. Specifically, the comments warn the omission of indirect land use...
Published 2018.01.19: News

Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

Potential greenhouse gas savings from a 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target with indirect emissions accounting for the European Union

The European Commission’s proposal for a recast Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021-2030 (RED II) includes a 6.8% target for renewable energy to be used in transport. This target can be...
Published 2017.05.05: Publication

Comments to Environment and Climate Change Canada on the Clean Fuel Standard Discussion Paper

Written comments to Environment and Climate Change Canada regarding the agency's Clean Fuel Standard discussion paper. The comments offer technical observations and recommendations for ECCC to...
Published 2017.04.25: News

Assessing the profitability of growing dedicated energy versus food crops in four European countries

While energy crops are a widely-considered option for biofuel production, they could impact food production and cause indirect land use change (ILUC) if they displace food crops on existing...
Published 2016.11.18: Publication

Understanding options for ILUC mitigation

Indirect land use change (ILUC) is land use change that occurs when existing cropland is used to cover the feedstock demand of additional biofuel or bioenergy production. ILUC results in the...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

What’s the real impact of indirect land-use change?

If shifting crops from food to biofuels may have unintended effects on land use and climate change, should policymakers consider those impacts when designing fuels policies? David Zilberman’s recent...Rather than stifling the biofuels industry as a whole, ILUC factors encourage both the development of innovative technologies to reduce direct emissions and the transition to second-generation...
Published 2016.08.11: Blog Post

A critique of soil carbon assumptions used in ILUC modeling

Recent estimates of land use change emissions vary widely, in part due to differences in assumptions on soil carbon. In this report, we review a recent meta-analysis on soil carbon changes with land...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Sustainability criteria for biofuels made from land and non-land based feedstocks

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) was asked to prepare a proposal for a set of sustainability criteria that...
Published 2016.05.09: Publication

Crops of the biofrontier: In search of opportunities for sustainable energy cropping

European biofuel policy has been dominated by discussions about the indirect effects of biofuel consumption, and in particular indirect land use change and impacts on food prices and security. One...
Published 2016.04.13: Publication

Assessing progress towards implementation of the ILUC Directive

In 2012 the European Commission proposed Directive 2015/1513 amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive to address indirect land-use change (ILUC). Directive 2015/1513 has...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

Yes We Can! (Meet the EU advanced biofuels target, that is)

One of the environmentally positive outcomes of the EU’s ILUC Directive was the requirement for Member States to set national targets for advanced biofuels made from non-food feedstocks including...Matching strong incentives for the cellulosic industry with rules for the sustainable production and harvest of feedstocks could usher in a new era of very low carbon renewable fuels that help us...
Published 2016.02.11: Blog Post

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