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Will a new test procedure solve the problem? Latest developments on EU vehicle testing

Over the last few weeks, we published two major reports on the real-world emission behavior of passenger cars in Europe. The first one talked about air pollutant emissions, specifically nitrogen...Two recent ICCT reports clearly demonstrate the serious on-road problem for CO2 and NOx emissions in Europe. The European Commission is working on it, but the approaches chosen to address the real-...
Published 2014.10.30: Blog Post

A trend that can’t continue: The gap between official and real CO2 reductions from Europe’s passenger car fleet keeps growing

Our report last year documenting the worsening gap between official, test-based CO2 emissions from Europe’s passenger cars and what drivers actually experience on the road received a lot of attention...We've just released an update to our study of the discrepancy between offiical and real-world CO2 emissions from passenger cars in the EU. The bad news: the gap continues to increase, and at an...
Published 2014.09.28: Blog Post

European vehicle market statistics, 2013

Update: The 2014 edition of the EU Pocketbook is now available here. The European Vehicle Market Statistics Pocketbook offers an annually updated, statistical portrait of passenger car and light...
Published 2013.10.28: Publication

Full-throttle into the future: New data should turbocharge cars CO2 debate

Statistics confirm what personal observation suggests: Efficient vehicles are available today in Europe in significant and growing numbers. And for that reason, the CO2 emissions targets for 2020...
Published 2013.10.28: News

EU consumer organizations asking for more realistic vehicle testing

CO2 emission values for type approval of new cars are determined under laboratory conditions. But real-world driving cannot be perfectly simulated in the laboratory; for example, in laboratory...BEUC, FIA, and ANEC are demanding that the European Commission address the growing gap between type-approval and real-world CO2 emissions and fuel consumption.
Published 2012.12.14: Blog Post

Assembling vehicle technology cost data for the European market

Setting effective CO2 standards for vehicles requires knowledge of the technical potential and the associated costs. Obtaining comprehensive and transparent data on vehicle technologies, their effect...ICCT has been working with the consultancies Ricardo and FEV to transfer technology assessment data assembled in developing U.S. regulations on LDV CO2 emissions to the European context. The results...
Published 2012.11.05: Blog Post

European vehicle market statistics, 2012

  The 2013 edition of European Vehicle Market Statistics is now available And see the EU Pocketbook online,, for interactive charts and underlying data.   The 2012 edition of...
Published 2012.10.29: Publication

EU car manufacturers likely to meet 2015 CO2 target early

Most people have some dates they eagerly anticipate, over and above the usual birthdays and anniversaries. Some are easier to explain than others. For the ICCT’s passenger vehicles team, the date of...According to preliminary ICCT internal data, the average CO2 emission level of new passenger cars in the EU in 2011 was around 135 g/km. This equals approximately 5.3 l/100 km of fuel consumption (...
Published 2012.04.12: Blog Post

Webinar: EU vehicle market (15 Feb.)

On 15 February 2012 at 1300 GMT the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership will host a one-hour webinar by the ICCT's regional lead for Europe, Peter Mock, on the technical and environmental characteristics...
Published 2012.02.09: Event

Decoupling emissions from growing traffic volume

The total number of motor vehicles on the road in Western Europe more than tripled between 1970 and 2005, rising from about 80 million to 260 million. Over the same period, traffic volume as measured...In Europe and North America, the period 1970-2005 saw some interesting changes in the correlation between traffic volume and the level of emissions in the road transport sector, as well as an...
Published 2012.01.31: Blog Post

European Vehicle Market Statistics

With the adoption of the European Union (EU) regulation setting carbon dioxide (CO2) emission performance standards for new passenger cars (Regulation (EC) No. 443/2009) and light-commercial vehicles...
Published 2012.01.03: Publication

Cartogram: Passenger car markets and carbon emissions in the EU

The two cartograms below depict the relative size in 2010 of the new passenger car markets in the Member States of the European Union, and their relative average new car carbon emissions.[1] The...Two cartograms showing the relative size in 2010 of new passenger car markets in the EU member states, and their relative average new vehicle carbon emissions.
Published 2011.12.15: Blog Post

Inertia classes, vehicle emissions tests, and the dead hand of the past

Test procedures are a key feature of any system of regulating vehicle emissions. Vehicle emissions testing* involves running a vehicle on a chassis dynamometer, which (among other things) simulates...The current system of using inertia classes for vehicle emissions testing is an anachronism, kept in place by force of habit rather than force of logic. And it has the bad effect of allowing...
Published 2011.12.09: Blog Post

Comments: Reducing CO2 emissions from vehicles

Comments in response to the European Commission consultation document on reducing CO2 emissions from road vehicles, December 2011. View on Scribd
Published 2011.12.09: News

Fleet distribution statistics for new LCVs in the EU in 2010

  This paper provides aggregated statistics for the fleet of new light-commercial vehicles in the EU for the year 2010. Light-commercial vehicles are defined as vehicles primarily intended for the...
Published 2011.11.16: Publication

Focus on inertia classes

For historic reasons we make use of inertia classes and upper limits for inertia mass during the vehicle testing procedures today. Historically, the weight of a vehicle was represented by hanging...
Published 2011.10.19: Publication

Estimated Cost of Gasoline Particulate Filters

The gasoline particulate filter (GPF) is a device that can be installed on the tailpipe of a gasoline vehicle to capture and reduce emissions of particulate matter, a common pollutant. The European...
Published 2011.10.19: Publication

Thought experiment: Applying the proposed U.S. 2025 PV standards to the EU fleet

On July 29 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) issued a Supplemental Notice of Intent (SNOI) on 2017–2025 Model Year Light-Duty Vehicle...A preliminary estimate of what it would mean to apply the proposed U.S. CAFE and GHG standards for passenger vehicles in Europe.
Published 2011.09.12: Blog Post

Evaluation of parameter-based vehicle emissions targets in the EU

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emission performance standards for new passenger cars in the European Union are indexed to vehicle weight. But the regulation defining the long-term target of 95 g/km to be met...
Published 2011.07.21: Publication

Top-selling fuel-efficient vehicles, 2010

The biggest passenger vehicle markets have progressively seen an increased penetration of highly fuel-efficient and technologically advanced automobiles (defined as vehicles having the lowest...An ICCT analysis of vehicles sold in the EU, U.S., India, China, and Japan shows intriguing trends in how OEMs aim to both meet emission standards and appeal to customers.
Published 2011.07.13: Blog Post