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Heavy-duty vehicles in China: Cost-effectiveness of fuel-efficiency and CO2 reduction technologies for long‑haul tractor‑trailers in the 2025–2030 timeframe

China is considering options for increasing fuel efficiency and reduce CO2 emissions from freight transportation. This study assesses the future costs of existing and emerging technologies to reduce...
Published 2019.03.12: Publication

NOx emissions from merchant vessels in coastal China: 2015 and 2030

This paper estimates NOx emissions from merchant vessels in China’s coastal region from 2015 to 2030. Our results indicate that merchant vessels have become a non-negligible source of NOx emissions,...
Published 2018.12.28: Publication

Compliance with India’s first fuel-consumption standards for new passenger cars (FY 2017–2018)

This briefing evaluates the compliance of manufacturer groups in India with fiscal year (FY) 2017–2018 fuel consumption standards and their readiness to meet more stringent requirements taking effect...
Published 2018.09.25: Publication

Delineating a Chinese emission control area: The potential impact of ship rerouting on emissions

As China tackles its air quality issues, government regulators have turned their focus to shipping, an industry that burns thousands of tons of highly polluting heavy fuel oil near densely populated...
Published 2018.09.05: Publication

Palm oil is the elephant in the greenhouse

Palm oil isn’t as bad for climate as you think. It’s worse. The oil palm industry is expanding quickly into tropical rainforest, and increasingly into peat swamp forest. The total land area planted...Palm oil isn’t as bad for climate as you think. It’s worse.
Published 2018.06.06: Blog Post

Indonesia’s delusional strategy for reducing GHG emissions

Question: How much reduction in CO2 emissions is Indonesia actually getting from its biofuels policy? Short answer: zero. Long answer: Indonesia is actually increasing its CO2 emissions substantially...How much reduction in CO2 emissions is Indonesia actually getting from its biofuels policy? Short answer: zero. Long answer: Indonesia is actually increasing its CO2 emissions substantially.
Published 2016.09.14: Blog Post

Reading the tea leaves in ICAO’s market-based measure

News is flying fast and furious from Montreal these days about the development of ICAO’s market-based measure (MBM) for offsetting emissions growth from international aviation. Following last week’s...Revised text on the development of ICAO’s MBM for offsetting emissions growth from international aviation has been posted and would offset 60% to 80%+ of traffic growth, depending on who opt ins.
Published 2016.09.02: Blog Post

Is Indonesia finally going in the right direction on palm oil?

For years we have wondered whether Indonesia would continue putting a priority on increasing use of palm-based biodiesel rather than on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and preserving forests and...If the government is really concerned about reducing GHG emissions by increasing use of biofuels, there is still time to make sure it includes sustainability clauses, for the environment and the...
Published 2016.08.26: Blog Post

Transportation efficiency in 2030

Transportation of people and goods currently contributes about a quarter of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, and this share is growing. Unprecedented income and population growth in the...Modeling different transportation scenarios shows interesting trends in GHG emissions from transport through 2030 given the  "policy pipeline” in the world's largest vehicle markets.
Published 2012.04.27: Blog Post

Review of peat surface greenhouse gas emissions from oil palm plantations in Southeast Asia

Growth in palm oil production has been a key component of meeting growing global demand for vegetable oil, including for biodiesel, over recent decades. This growth has been accompanied by mounting...
Published 2011.10.04: Publication

Reducing GHG Emissions from Ships

Marginal abatement cost (MAC) curves are a staple of policy discussions where there is a need to illustrate the incremental contributions of parts to a whole. As this paper demonstrates, they provide...
Published 2011.07.08: Publication

Review and Comparative Analysis of Fiscal Policies

Governments worldwide are increasingly looking to fiscal policy to enhance and reinforce standards-based approaches to reducing vehicle emissions. The taxes, fees, rebates, and other instruments in...
Published 2011.02.24: Publication

Air Pollution and GHG Emissions from Oceangoing Ships

In a world of global supply chains and rapidly expanding trade, ocean shipping—currently the dominant mode of transport for international cargo—is becoming an increasingly important source of air...
Published 2007.03.07: Publication