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Upstream climate impacts of R-134a and R-1234yf

All common refrigerants used in air conditioning and refrigeration systems in vehicles today are potent greenhouse gases (one kilogram of the common refrigerant R-134a is equivalent to 1430 kg of CO2...
Published 2013.09.09: Publication

The ever-expanding oil sands delivery network

Increasingly, global oil demand pushes us to harder-to-get-at, more remote, and dirtier oil sources. Maybe you’ve heard about the resource in Canada that is sometimes referred to as “oil sands.”...The oil industry is seeking, and finding, many ways to bring oil sands crude to the market.
Published 2013.08.15: Blog Post

CARB looks to innovative methods to reduce upstream oil production emissions

In April of 2009 the California Air Resources Board (CARB) approved the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) regulation, which came into effect in January of 2010. The LCFS is one of few initiatives in...The California Air Resource Board has amended its system for crediting innovative emissions reductions from upstream oil operations
Published 2013.07.17: Blog Post

Uncovering Oil’s Unknowns

The oil market, which traditionally has been slow to change, is transforming in ways that were unthinkable a few years ago. By 2020, the United States is projected to be the world’s largest oil...
Published 2013.06.24: Publication

Unconventional Oil Symposium

While worldwide supplies of accessible oil are growing, the array of emerging unconventional oil is diversifying. These new oil sources pose important energy, environmental, security, and climate...
Published 2013.01.09: Event