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The new passenger car fleet in China, 2014: Technology assessment and comparison, 2014 versus 2010

China, the world’s largest passenger car market since 2009, has adopted a series of fuel-consumption regulations, starting in 2004. If all manufacturers meet their corporate-average fuel consumption...
Published 2018.05.03: Publication

中国城市新能源乘用车激励政策评估

在中央和地方政策的大力扶持下,我国的新能源汽车市场飞速发展,无论是在绝对体量还是在发展速度上,都无国能出其右。但是,在整体中国市场大繁荣的背景之下,不同城市的新能源汽车推广情况却大相径庭。上海、北京、深圳、杭州等城市的新能源乘用车年销量已经过万,成功跻身“世界电动车之都”的行列, 但是,在其他一些示范推广城市,却鲜有新能源汽车的踪影,很多城市的新能源乘用车年销量仍不足千辆,有的甚至几近为零。显然...
Published 2018.04.12: Publication

How will off-cycle credits impact U.S. 2025 efficiency standards?

This white paper analyzes the U.S. off-cycle credit program within the 2025 greenhouse gas regulations. Specifically, the paper analyses the predicted and actual use of the off-cycle provisions based...
Published 2018.03.27: Publication

Remote sensing of motor vehicle exhaust emissions

This report provides a comprehensive overview of vehicle remote sensing, an emissions measurement technique which has been used for more than 25 years to evaluate emissions from passing motor...
Published 2018.02.01: Publication

South Africa's new passenger vehicle CO2 emission standards: Baseline determination and benefits assessment

South Africa’s new passenger vehicle fleet is the largest on the African continent and the 18th largest globally. South African manufacturers sold more than 412,000 new vehicles in 2015, and exported...
Published 2018.01.17: Publication

From laboratory to road: A 2017 update

This 2017 update of the From Laboratory to Road series covers 1.1 million passenger cars from 14 data sources and eight European countries. The analysis shows that the gap between official and real-...
Published 2017.11.05: Publication

From laboratory to road international: A comparison of official and real-world fuel consumption and CO2 values for passenger cars in Europe, the United States, China, and Japan

This study investigates the gap between real-world and official CO2 emission values in the four largest vehicle markets in the world: China, the EU, Japan, and the United States. The analysis shows...
Published 2017.11.05: Publication

CO2 reduction technologies for the European car and van fleet, a 2025–2030 assessment

When the European Union (EU) introduced its first set of mandatory new vehicle CO2 standards in 2009, for passenger cars, and 2011, for light commercial vehicles, vehicle mass was chosen as a utility...
Published 2017.10.10: Publication

Road tested: Comparative overview of real-world versus type-approval NOX and CO2 emissions from diesel cars in Europe

In September 2015, when the news broke about the illegal defeat device used by Volkswagen in the United States, no systematic overview of real-world NOx emission levels by vehicle manufacturer and...
Published 2017.09.03: Publication

New mobility: Today's technology and policy landscape

The phrase “new mobility” has come into widespread use to describe the intersection of new technologies with new business models (and some existing ones). New mobility has the potential to...
Published 2017.07.27: Publication

Evaluation of next-phase greenhouse gas regulations for passenger vehicles in Mexico

Stringent standards for passenger vehicle GHG emissions will help meet Mexico’s climate goals and increase energy security, and will have tremendous benefits for consumers and society alike. Aligning...
Published 2017.05.19: Publication

International comparison of Brazilian regulatory standards for light-duty vehicle emissions

This paper aims to inform the next phase of PROCONVE for LD vehicles by assessing important components of PROCONVE L6 and their relative strengths and weaknesses compared with similar programs in the...
Published 2017.04.14: Publication

A historical review of the U.S. vehicle emission compliance program and emission recall cases

Emission recalls are a critical aspect of vehicle emission compliance and enforcement programs. An emission recall is a repair, adjustment, or modification program conducted by a manufacturer to...
Published 2017.04.12: Publication

Technology uptake, costs, and benefits under a next-phase passenger car efficiency program in Brazil

Brazil is the sixth largest market for new passenger vehicles worldwide and the largest market in Latin America. As of 2013, passenger vehicles sold in Brazil have adopted fewer fuel-saving...
Published 2017.03.27: Publication

Efficiency technology and cost assessment for U.S. 2025–2030 light-duty vehicles

The paper builds on the modeling and peer-reviewed research underlying the Technical Assessment Report of the EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for the midterm review of the...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

Impact of improved regulation of real-world NOx emissions from diesel passenger cars in the EU, 2015−2030

NOx emissions from diesel cars in the EU have remained high, largely due to a growing gap between emission certification limits of Euro 4 and Euro 5 standards (measured in laboratory testing) and “...
Published 2017.01.12: Publication

Light-commercial vehicles in India, 2014-15: Technology assessment and international comparisons

The fleet average CO2 emissions for LCVs were 157.6 g/km in FY 2014-15. For the M2 category, the fleet average emissions were 238.1 g/km. Our analysis shows that even though the EU’s LCVs have higher...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

Driving resistances of light-duty vehicles in Europe: Present situation, trends, and scenarios for 2025

The driving resistances—mass, aerodynamic drag, and rolling resistance—of a vehicle directly affect fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Reducing driving resistances can significantly aid...
Published 2016.12.15: Publication

CO2 reduction technologies for the European car and van fleet: A 2025-2030 assessment

This paper describes the methodology behind and the results obtained by a study to develop CO2 cost curves for the European passenger car and light commercial vehicle fleets in 2025–2030, and to...
Published 2016.11.21: Publication

From laboratory to road: A 2016 update

This 2016 update to a series begun in 2013 analyzes 13 data sources covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

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