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HFC-134a phase-out in the Chinese light-duty motor vehicle sector

The Chinese vehicle market is the largest in the world to allow auto manufacturers to use the air-conditioning refrigerant HFC-134a without restriction. But this may soon change. The Chinese...
Published 2016.09.23: Publication

Technology pathways for diesel engines used in non-road vehicles and equipment

Internal combustion engines are ubiquitous in today’s society. Applications for these engines cover a broad spectrum, ranging from vehicles that transport passengers and move goods to specialized...
Published 2016.09.16: Publication

Environmental risks of diesel passenger vehicles in Brazil

DOWNLOAD PORTUGUESE VERSION (PDF)   Although Brazil has restricted the sale of diesel passenger cars since the 1970s, an auto industry lobby has been pressuring the government to lift the...
Published 2016.03.11: Publication

Cost-benefit analysis of Brazil's heavy-duty emission standards (P-8)

DOWNLOAD PORTUGUESE VERSION (PDF) Brazil has controlled heavy-duty vehicle (HDV) emissions through the Programa de Controle da Poluição do Ar por Veículos Automotores (PROCONVE) since 1990,...
Published 2016.03.01: Publication

Costs of emission reduction technologies for heavy-duty diesel vehicles

This report presents the manufacturing costs of emission control technology used to meet recent U.S. and European emission standards for heavy-duty diesel engines and vehicles. The costs assessed...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

Costs and benefits of shore power at the port of Shenzhen

China is home to seven of the world’s ten largest and busiest container ports. While these ports bring an economic benefit to China, they also bring shipping-related emissions. Studies conducted in...
Published 2015.12.28: Publication

NOx control technologies for Euro 6 diesel passenger cars

Controlling nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from Euro 6 diesel passenger cars is one of the biggest technical challenges facing automakers. Euro 6 limits NOx emissions from diesel passenger cars to 80...
Published 2015.09.03: Publication

广东省在用车排放控制方案评估与分析比对报告

控制在用车排放,特别是高排放的老旧车辆,能够快速有效的缓解城市空气污染。 随着中国空气质量改善压力的与日俱增,为减少使用机动车对环境所造成的影响,广东省已经采取了多种方法来减少现有的在用车排放。 广东各市都根据自身的特殊情况和需求,因地制宜的制订出了不同的管理方案。目前,广东省比较普遍的在用车排放控制措施包括通过I/M管理、遥感监测、现场检测、公众监督等手段开展在用车达标管理;推广使用清洁燃料...
Published 2015.06.30: Publication

Costs and benefits of motor vehicle emission control programs in China

China has made tremendous progress in emission control for on-road vehicles (light-duty vehicles, buses, and heavy-duty trucks) in recent decades. The vehicle population in China grew nearly...
Published 2015.06.29: Publication

Review and comparative analysis of in-use vehicle emission control programs in Guangdong Province

Controlling emissions from the in-use fleet, particularly from high emitters and older vehicles, can immediately alleviate urban air pollution. As pressure to address China's air quality issues...
Published 2015.06.29: Publication

Upstream climate impacts of R-134a and R-1234yf

All common refrigerants used in air conditioning and refrigeration systems in vehicles today are potent greenhouse gases (one kilogram of the common refrigerant R-134a is equivalent to 1430 kg of CO2...
Published 2013.09.09: Publication

Black carbon climate science and emission control strategies: A policy-relevant summary

This paper provides policy-relevant guidance on black carbon, a solid particle emitted during incomplete combustion. When emitted into the atmosphere and deposited on ice or snow, black carbon causes...
Published 2009.12.14: Publication

Costs and Benefits of Reduced Sulfur Fuels in China

Motorized road transportation in China is growing at an incredible pace. The number of passenger cars in China more than doubled between 2000 and 2005, and fleets of large and small trucks, as well...
Published 2006.12.29: Publication

Low-sulfur gasoline and diesel: The key to lower vehicle emissions

It is impossible to reduce air pollution from the transportation sector without getting sulfur out of fuels. Sulfur is a pollutant itself, but more importantly it interferes with and eventually...
Published 2003.05.30: Publication