Search Results

Improving fuel efficiency for heavy-duty vehicles of 3.5–12 tonnes in India: Benefits, costs, and environmental impacts

This analysis examines the benefits and costs of fuel-saving technologies for new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) in India over the next 10 years and explores how various scenarios for the deployment of...
Published 2019.03.20: Publication

A global snapshot of the air pollution-related health impacts of transportation sector emissions in 2010 and 2015

Exhaust from vehicles is a major source of outdoor air pollution worldwide. This study links state-of-the-art vehicle emissions, air pollution, and epidemiological models to estimate the impacts of...
Published 2019.02.26: Publication

Financing the transition to soot-free urban bus fleets in 20 megacities

This report addresses the opportunities for facilitating, and the barriers to financing, the transition to soot-free urban bus fleets in 20 megacities. A soot-free engine is any diesel or alternative...
Published 2017.10.11: Publication

Impacts of world class vehicle efficiency and emissions regulations in select G20 countries

In 2014, the G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan prioritized the establishment of a Transport Task Group (TTG) to promote cooperation among participating G20 countries to develop domestic policies that...
Published 2017.01.25: Publication

Policies to reduce fuel consumption, air pollution, and carbon emissions from vehicles in G20 nations

The transport sector consumes more than half of global oil production, and releases nearly a quarter of all anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. Motor vehicles and engines contribute to ambient...
Published 2015.06.08: Publication

A Guide for the Perplexed to the Indirect Effects of Biofuels Production

Over the past decade, the concept of indirect land use change (ILUC) has come from obscurity to become a primary concern for biofuels policy. In the U.S., the Renewable Fuel Standard and California's...
Published 2014.09.04: Publication

India's vehicle emissions control program

Rising transportation activity—the ever-increasing demand to move more people and goods further and faster—is both a cause and an effect of India’s rapid economic growth. As necessary as the increase...
Published 2013.11.05: Publication

The impact of vehicle and fuel standards on premature mortality and emissions

Technology-forcing regulations in the United States, European Union, and Japan have resulted in highly effective controls of tailpipe emissions. Advanced aftertreatment technology and engine tuning,...
Published 2013.11.04: Publication

Best practices in emission control of in-use heavy-duty diesel vehicles

This report summarizes policy approaches to controlling in-use emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), including freight trucks, buses, municipal government and other service fleets. HDVs, while...
Published 2013.08.02: Publication

Estimated cost of emission reduction technologies for LDVs

The cost of meeting standards for conventional pollutant emissions is a perennial bone of contention in arguments over vehicle emission regulations. The public health benefits of the most stringent...
Published 2012.06.11: Publication

Overview of China's vehicle emission control program

In booming China, vehicle ownership of all kinds is soaring. Since 2000, the total stock of cars, trucks, and buses has more than quadrupled, from 13.5 million to over 60 million, and the number of...
Published 2011.04.07: Publication

Review and Comparative Analysis of Fiscal Policies

Governments worldwide are increasingly looking to fiscal policy to enhance and reinforce standards-based approaches to reducing vehicle emissions. The taxes, fees, rebates, and other instruments in...
Published 2011.02.24: Publication

Managing motorcycles: Opportunities to reduce pollution and fuel use from two- and three-wheeled vehicles

For millions of people living in large cities in the developing world, two- and three-wheeled motorcycles offer convenient, affordable access to motorized transportation. Nowhere is this trend more...
Published 2009.10.09: Publication

Passenger Vehicle Greenhouse Gas and Fuel Economy Standards

Governments around the world are currently grappling with two distinct but interconnected issues—how to reduce emissions of climate-changing greenhouse gases (GHG) and how to reduce dependence on...
Published 2007.07.02: Publication

Air Pollution and GHG Emissions from Oceangoing Ships

In a world of global supply chains and rapidly expanding trade, ocean shipping—currently the dominant mode of transport for international cargo—is becoming an increasingly important source of air...
Published 2007.03.07: Publication