Electric Vehicles

Electric Vehicles

Electric vehicles are several times more efficient in converting energy into vehicle movement than conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles. They are much more compatible with renewable energy sources. They can produce no emissions at the vehicle tailpipe and much lower life-cycle (“well to wheel”) emissions. Accordingly, businesses, governments, and non-governmental organizations are turning to electric vehicles to dramatically lower oil use, reduce carbon pollution, eliminate local air pollution, and spur economic development. Long-term planning scenarios indicate that the global vehicle fleet will have to be almost entirely made up of electric vehicles, powered mostly by renewable sources, by 2050 if the world is to avoid worst-case global climate-change scenarios.

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About the program

Electric vehicles are several times more efficient in converting energy into vehicle movement than conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles. They are much more compatible with renewable energy sources. They can produce no emissions at the vehicle tailpipe and much lower life-cycle (“well to wheel”) emissions. Accordingly, businesses, governments, and non-governmental organizations are turning to electric vehicles to dramatically lower oil use, reduce carbon pollution, eliminate local air pollution, and spur economic development. Long-term planning scenarios indicate that the global vehicle fleet will have to be almost entirely made up of electric vehicles, powered mostly by renewable sources, by 2050 if the world is to avoid worst-case global climate-change scenarios.

The ICCT’s electric vehicle program aims to understand and describe what policies and incentives are most effective in the early growth stages for the global electric vehicle market. We analyze trends in electric-vehicle technologies and in vehicle markets; evaluate how regulation, tax incentives, non-fiscal promotional policies, and infrastructure are helping to drive the electric vehicle market; and compare the different policy approaches across countries and cities around the world to better understand the emerging best practices to accelerate the transition to electric drive. In addition to our research, we work directly with governments, particularly through the Zero-Emission Vehicle Alliance, to inform and support practical policy making that can facilitate the necessary technological transition to a zero-emission transportation sector.

Impact of the increased penetration of electric vehicles on the CO2 emissions of the remaining combustion vehicles in the fleet under three electric vehicle accounting scenarios. The figure shows the extent to which the conventional combustion (i.e., non-plug-in electric) portion of the vehicle fleet’s emissions are impacted by the potential regulatory incentives in the 2025–2030 time frame.

Integrating electric vehicles within
U.S. and European effciency regulations

Recent publications

Emerging policy approaches to electrify ride-hailing in the United States

Identifies adoption barriers and summarizes policy approaches for states, cities, and utilities to accelerate the deployment of electric vehicles in ride-hailing fleets.

2019.01.08 | Briefing
When does electrifying shared mobility make economic sense?

Assesses the timing of cost-effectively electrifying shared mobility fleets in U.S. cities, with a focus on ride-hailing fleets based on total cost of operation for conventional, hybrid, and electric vehicles in the U.S.

2019.01.08 | Working paper
Avaliação internacional de políticas públicas para eletromobilidade em frotas urbanas

Em uma colaboração entre a Deutsche Gesellschaft für International Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) e o ICCT, esse estudo contextualiza as experiências internacionais em políticas públicas para eletromobilidade em frotas urbanas para o Brasil.

2019.01.03 | Consulting report
See all publications

Staff blog

Sweden’s new bonus-malus scheme: From rocky roads to rounded fells?

By offering substantial incentives for low-carbon vehicles and raising the cost for high emitters, Sweden's feebate system can play a vital role in shifting demand toward more efficient vehicles.

Staff