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Assesses how an MTOW constraint, which would lead to a lower nominal payload-range capability for affected aircraft, would influence the economic value of several representative aircraft types.
Overview of the climate challenge for aviation, introduction to concepts and policy developments, summary of key design criteria.
Case study demonstrates how metrics that include vehicle and/or fuel weight could relax incentives for manufacturers to devote technological improvements to reducing fuel consumption rather than boosting performance.
Surveys the range of test cycles used to evaluate the efficiency of vehicles—including passenger cars and trucks, motorcycles, heavy-duty trucks and buses, and marine vessels—in order to inform ICAO discussion of a CO2 certification procedure.
Discusses initial ICCT work on sales‐weighted historical trends in new aircraft design attributes and their influence on aircraft efficiency, using design range as a first area of inquiry.
Estimates the sales and activity-weighted efficiency of new jet aircraft from 1960 to 2008 to argue that fuel price has been an inconsistent driver of aircraft efficiency, and that an aircraft CO2 standard is most likely to reduce emissions if it applies to all newly built aircraft from current production lines, not just to new designs.
Identifies at least two carbon intensity metrics (g CO2/ATK for dedicated cargo planes and g CO2/ASK for dedicated passenger aircraft) suitable for use in establishing a CO2 standard for new commercial aircraft.