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An important question when estimating the indirect land use change emissions from biodiesel feedstocks is whether vegetable oils replace each other in the market, so that increased demand for one may result in increased production of another. In this paper, it is shown that the evidence from trade and agricultural production data strongly suggests that demand for rapeseed biodiesel in the EU will have driven expansion of palm oil production in Indonesia and Malaysia, as predicted in IFPRI's iLUC modeling with MIRAGE (Laborde, 2011).
Briefing on the potential and estimated costs of various vehicle technologies to reduce CO2 emissions and fuel consumption, based on rigorous tear-down analyses carried out in the U.S. and Europe.
Concise overview of an analysis of the CO2 emission reduction potential of various vehicle technologies and estimate of associated costs in the EU market.
Investing in ultra-low-sulfur fuel and clean vehicle technologies in India will not come without costs. But the benefits, in terms of reduced healthcare costs and higher productivity, far outweigh them.
This briefing discusses the advantages of implementing a policy of “one country, one fuel, one regulation" and moving to further reduce fuel sulphur content in India.
Outlines concrete policy initiatives to reduce harmful vehicle emissions that can be implemented over the course of India's 12th five-year plan.
This paper summarizes direct and indirect emission and sustainability impacts of biodiesel and assesses the effect of biodiesel blends from the most common feedstocks on compression ignition engine emissions and performance.
The European Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality Directives require the European Commission to propose, based on the best available data, a methodology to control indirect land use change emissions due to biofuels expansion. To support its impact assessment of ILUC policy options, the commission asked the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) to update its modeling of ILUC emissions from European biofuel mandates. The new IFPRI-MIRAGE study is an important and detailed contribution to the EU biofuels debate.