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If India is to reap the full social and economic benefits of increased mobility, the country must find effective ways to address the negative consequences of rising transportation activity, such as declining air quality, increasing reliance on fossil fuel imports, and climate change.
The ICCT is completing a long-term study of India’s program to regulate and control emissions from light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles—cars, motorcycles, trucks, and buses. Below is a collection of materials related to that study.
Overview of the standards that take effect for type approval of new motorcycles in April 2016, and for all motorcycles in April 2017. The standards tighten HC+NOX limits by 23%–60%, and adopt the Worldwide Harmonized Motorcycle Test Cycle as the mandatory test cycle.
A comprehensive survey, setting India’s policy options in the context of international experience and assessing technology costs versus health and economic benefits under several scenarios.
Without new limits on vehicle emissions and fuel sulfur content, early deaths from emissions of fine particles in India's urban areas will nearly quadruple by 2030. With such limits, India could reduce early deaths by 84 percent compared to business-as-usual in the same period.
Analyzes compliance programs in India, comparing them to the U.S. EPA's procedures for context and to provide recommendations.