Reviews provisions of the U.S. and EU regulations that define and prohibit defeat devices, as well as automakers' public statements in the aftermath of VW's admission that it used such defeat devices, as context for evaluating reform proposals.


An assessment of vehicle fleet structure, fuel consumption, and emissions, with comparisons to the EU-28 market and other key global markets, and to the German auto sector in particular.


As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, Défense Terre was asked to analyze the regulatory treatment of thirteen novel fuel technologies or “NFTs” in the EU and U.S.

To rectify the implementation and compliance issues associated with P-7 standards for heavy-duty vehicles in Brazil, quickly advancing to the next P-8 phase and aligning it with Euro VI standards is the most effective option.

Under current regulatory standards, the wide commercialization of diesel cars would significantly increase NOX and PM2.5 emissions, contributing to poor air quality and adding 150,000 premature deaths through 2050. 


Surveys diesel engine technologies, costs, pollutant emissions, and efficiency improvements in a manner that can help inform India's transition to more stringent vehicle emissions standards over the next five years.


A primary analysis to estimate how improvements in engine and tire technologies will translate into fuel consumption reductions for representative HDV types in India.


P-8 standards in Brazil are a highly cost-effective means of reducing the environmental impact of diesel HDVs in Brazil and timely action is of critical importance.


Inventory of the status of Member States’ progress on implementing key elements of Directive 2015/1513 amending the RED and FQD as well as the FQD implementing directive (Directive 2015/652).


Summary of manufacturing costs of both in-cylinder and aftertreatment technologies used to meet recent U.S. and European emission standards for heavy-duty diesel engines and vehicles.


Outlines the methodology used in ICCT's non-road emission inventory model; describes structure, processes, and data flows, and evaluates data collection needs for critical inputs and parameters.


A concise overview of ICAO's proposed aircraft efficiency standard, covering the policy background and standard requirements, and preliminary analysis of expected effects on CO2 emissions.


Upgrades to Vietnam's first and only refinery, expected to begin production of Euro 5 diesel and gasoline in 2016, will lower the country’s reliance on imports and allow for the domestic production of clean fuel.


Describes Peru's current efforts in meeting regulatory fuel requirements and obtaining financing for refinery upgrades.


Describes a refinery expansion and upgrade to produce ultra-low sulfur fuel in Cairo, challenges in financing the project, and economic and environmental benefits.

Reviews the environmental impacts of removing palm residues from plantations and estimates how much of this resource could potentially be used for advanced biofuels in Indonesia.

Assesses the potential to identify land that might be suitable for dedicated biomass feedstock production in Europe by using already available land use or land type data.


Proposes guidelines for categorizing biofuel feedstocks for the purpose of regulatory life-cycle analysis


A comprehensive evaluation of the effectiveness of vehicle fuel efficiency labelling across a wide range of economies. (Commissioned from the ICCT by the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation).


An assessment of costs, investment options, and required policy support