Estimates heavy fuel oil (HFO) use, HFO carriage, the use and carriage of other fuels, BC emissions, and emissions of other air and climate pollutants in the Arctic for the year 2015, with projections to 2020 and 2025.
Provides a roadmap to support the implementation of comprehensive clean fuel and vehicle policies in Southern and Western Africa.
An overview of advanced non-road diesel compliance programs with examples of adopted registration or labeling systems for non-road equipment and compares compliance tools for non-road vehicles with those for heavy-duty vehicles.
Compares the economic and environmental tradeoffs of switching from HFO to two alternative fuels, distillate fuel and liquefied natural gas (LNG), in the IMO Arctic, as defined in the IMO Polar Code.
Informs the next phase of PROCONVE for LD vehicles by assessing important components of PROCONVE L6 and their relative strengths and weaknesses compared with similar programs in the U.S. and the EU.
Evaluates the effect of Euro VI-equivalent emissions standards on bus system costs in Brazil.
Provides a comprehensive historical review of how the U.S. federal vehicle emission compliance program has evolved over the past 4 decades, reviews U.S. emission recall trends, highlights a few representative vehicle and engine emission recall cases and settlements, and provides insight into the data sources needed to inform a successful recall program.
Evaluates the level of technology adoption, costs, and efficiency improvement associated with alignment with the European Union’s 2021 emissions target of 95 gCO2/km (equivalent to 1.27 MJ/km) for new passenger cars in Brazil in 2023.
A step-by-step resource for conducting a freight assessment when the ultimate goal is to develop a green freight program. This document includes useful guidance and best practices on executing each of the four key elements of a freight assessment and provides examples of the types of analysis that the data collected will enable.
Reviews the global practices on electric vehicle consumer awareness activities, summarizing the projects, initiatives, and exemplary practices among national and subnational governments in consumer education, awareness, and outreach.
On August 30, 2016, China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) jointly released the first-ever national emission standards for marine engines used in domestic shipping in China. Phase I standards will take effect on July 1, 2018, and stricter Phase II standards will take effect on July 1, 2021.
Measures marine BC emissions in the lab and onboard two container ships, one with a modern Tier II main engine and another with an older Tier 0 engine outfitted with an exhaust gas cleaning system (EGCS).
The China 6 standard combines best practices from both European and U.S. regulatory requirements in addition to creating its own. This policy update provides detail on how this standard is unique, a comparison with emission regulations in other major markets, and a summary of the impact of this rule.
Analyzes the new trailer sales market and also interviewed a variety of experts from the trucking industry in Canada in order to estimate typical ownership cycles and activity rates for various types of trailers.
The Chinese Ministry of Industry, Information and Technology released, for public comments, proposed fuel-consumption standards for two- and three-wheeled vehicles (motorcycles and mopeds). Upon approval, the new standards will come into effect beginning on July 1, 2018, for the new type-approval model and beginning on July 1, 2019, for all new vehicle sales and registrations.
Highlights important innovations and trends in vehicle design technology and lightweighting, many of which were not considered when the 2025 CAFE standards were finalized, but promise to be quite cost-effective.
Assesses the market linkages between oils and fats commonly used as biodiesel and renewable diesel feedstocks.
Assesses major cities around the world with high electric vehicle uptake and summarizes the policy, charging infrastructure, and consumer awareness actions in place to help develop the electric vehicle market in those cities.