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Summary based on the provisional data recently released by the European Environment Agency. All manufacturers have achieved their 2015 targets, with average emissions of 123.3 g/km in 2014, a decrease of 3% compared to 2013.
Assesses the effect on technology innovation and deployment if mandatory CO2 standards in the EU were replaced by including road transport in the EU Emissions Trading System, as some have recently proposed.
Identifies and quantifies impacts on type-approval values of the EU's anticipated transition from the NEDC to the WLTP. Notably, the effects of the new driving cycle and the new definition of vehicle test masses result in a target of 100 g CO2/km for 2020.