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In the transportation sector, refers to regulation that directly limits carbon dioxide emissions from a vehicle, as opposed to restricting those emissions indirectly (through, e.g., fuel economy standards). Examples would include the U.S. EPA 2016 standards for light-duty vehicles, which require LDVs to meet an estimated combined average emissions level of 250g CO2 per mile, or the EU rules establishing fleet-average emissions targets of 95g CO2 per kilometer for passenger cars and 175g CO2 per kilometer for light commercial vehicles.
Reveals that the efforts made by multiple Transport Task Group (TTG) countries to promote and support policies and programs—including stringent tailpipe emissions standards, fuel economy standards, low sulfur fuels, and green freight programs—are in good alignment with the long-term perspective and pathways of the Transport Task Group defined in the G20 Energy Efficiency Leading Programme.
Summarizes provisions of the implementing act adopted in May 2017 by the European Union for type-approval of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of on-road heavy-duty vehicles, which will go into effect in 2019 and 2020.
Assesses, through vehicle simulation modeling, the baseline fuel efficiency performance and the potential of various fuel saving technologies to improve the efficiency of European tractor-trailers and rigid trucks, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.
Cost-effectiveness and potential analysis of technologies for the reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emission of heavy-duty vehicles in the European market, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.
Describes the details of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), the International Civil Aviation Organization’s market-based measure to offset most of the growth in aviation carbon dioxide emissions beginning in 2020.
Characterizes the climate and health benefits of adopting world-class standards for new vehicle efficiency/CO2 and conventional pollutant emissions in all members of the G20 Transport Task Group.
A concise overview of the EU's vehicle CO2 emission reduction requirements, targets for 2025–2030 that are coming under consideration, and current best projections of vehicle-specific CO2 reduction technology potential and costs in that time frame.