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In the transportation sector, refers to regulation that directly limits carbon dioxide emissions from a vehicle, as opposed to restricting those emissions indirectly (through, e.g., fuel economy standards). Examples would include the U.S. EPA 2016 standards for light-duty vehicles, which require LDVs to meet an estimated combined average emissions level of 250g CO2 per mile, or the EU rules establishing fleet-average emissions targets of 95g CO2 per kilometer for passenger cars and 175g CO2 per kilometer for light commercial vehicles.
Describes the details of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), the International Civil Aviation Organization’s market-based measure to offset most of the growth in aviation carbon dioxide emissions beginning in 2020.
Characterizes the climate and health benefits of adopting world-class standards for new vehicle efficiency/CO2 and conventional pollutant emissions in all members of the G20 Transport Task Group.
A concise overview of the EU's vehicle CO2 emission reduction requirements, targets for 2025–2030 that are coming under consideration, and current best projections of vehicle-specific CO2 reduction technology potential and costs in that time frame.
Presents detailed results and methodology of a study using computer simulation modeling, vehicle tear-down analysis, and additional supplementary data to estimate compliance costs of potential vehicle CO2 emission standards for the European passenger car and light-commercial vehicle fleets in 2025–2030.
Extends an analysis of the gap between official and real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emission values for passenger cars in Europe and investigates the reasons for the increasing gap.