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Electric vehicle uptake in cities across the U.S. varies greatly. The map below shows the 25 most populous metropolitan areas in the U.S. by their electric vehicle market share in 2014. Overall, full battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) together accounted for 1.1% of new automobile sales in these 25 metros; the national average was 0.7%. The San Francisco metropolitan area had the highest 2014 electric vehicle market share, at 5.5%.
The ICCT U.S. city electric profile project, initiated in late 2014, surveyed actions taken at various levels to facilitate electric vehicle deployment in the 25 largest U.S. metro areas. A range of information related to city and state incentives, utility policies, and public charging infrastructure was collected. Findings of the project are reported in several pieces in the ICCT staff blog (here, here, here, and here), a briefing on consumer costs, and a final report. In summary, the analysis found that policy, incentives, and charging infrastructure deployment differ greatly across major cities, and that these factors are indeed driving the electric vehicle market.
The documents collected here (links in the sidebar) are short (two-page) profiles of these 25 U.S. metro areas, intended to provide at-a-glance city-to-city comparisons, highlight achievements to date, identify opportunities for additional actions that could be taken to help develop electric vehicle markets, and indicate which stakeholders play particular roles in supporting market growth.
We continue to pursue this city-level research, and will update these profiles in the coming year.