programs / Heavy-duty vehicles

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The steady growth in freight transport by truck presents a challenge to efforts at reducing hazardous air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Though most countries have fuel economy standards for passenger vehicles, as of 2011 only Japan and the United States have set efficiency and GHG emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles.

Most heavy-duty vehicles are powered by diesel engines that, without pollution controls, can emit high levels of other pollutants that contribute to global warming  and local air pollution.  For example, uncontrolled diesel vehicles produce high levels of particulate matter, a fraction of which has a warming effect, and nitrogen oxides, which are an ingredient of ozone (also known as smog), an important greenhouse gas. These pollutants are associated with bronchitis, asthma, and other lung diseases, and are responsible for millions of premature deaths worldwide. In 2013, the World Health Organization classified diesel exhaust as carcinogenic to humans, based on evidence of an increase in lung cancer after long-term exposure.

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India heavy-duty fleet modernization program: A scrappage program combined with accelerated adoption of Bharat Stage VI emission standards
The maximum benefits of a fleet modernization program can be achieved by conducting a subsidized scrappage program along with early adoption of BS VI standards starting as soon as 2019.
Working paper
On-board diagnostic (OBD) checks for inspection and maintenance in India
Makes recommendations for how India should use checks of on-board diagnostic systems (OBD) to identify malfunctioning emissions control systems in new vehicles and to lower the burden on the country’s testing facilities.
Briefing
Reducing CO2 emissions from road transport in the European Union: An evaluation of policy options
Demonstrates that meeting Europe's 2030 climate and energy framework goals depends on a combination of policy measures that include CO2 standards for both cars and heavy trucks, improving vehicle testing regulations, and...
Working paper
 

From the ICCT Blogs

The world turns to electric vehicles
Progression to a robust electric vehicle market is happening, and the world is turning, but the question that remains is how fast? And the answer largely depends on if everyone – governments, automakers and consumers – all align.
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Opel's admissions of defeat device calibrations
Opel admits to reducing vehicle emission controls based on conditions other than ambient temperature or restart. Opel says its “engines are in compliance” in Europe. But, once again, they would not be legal in the US, and the difference is instructive.
Staff Blog
The European Union’s leadership void on heavy-duty vehicle GHG standards
If the European Comission persists in its indecision around GHG regulation for HDVs, they risk falling behind the US and other countries in HDV efficiency technology development and deployment. 
Staff Blog

The Staff

Oscar Delgado
Oscar Delgado
Senior Researcher
Vicente Franco
Vicente Franco
Senior Researcher
Fanta Kamakaté
Fanta Kamakaté
Chief Program Officer
Nic Lutsey
Nic Lutsey
Program Director / US Co-Lead
Rachel Muncrief
Rachel Muncrief
Heavy-Duty Vehicles Lead
Benjamin Sharpe
Benjamin Sharpe
Senior Researcher / Canada Lead