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International competitiveness and the auto industry: What's the role of motor vehicle emission standards?

This paper reviews the political science, regulatory, and economics literature to illuminate the international competitiveness impacts of motor vehicle emission standards. The primary question the...
Published 2017.05.23: Publication

Effect of P-8 standards on bus system costs in Brazil

Brazil has controlled harmful pollutant emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), including trucks and buses, through a series of progressively more stringent vehicle emissions standards put in...
Published 2017.04.14: Publication

Lightweighting technology developments

Weight reduction is one of the most important methods to reduce vehicle carbon dioxide emissions and increase fuel economy, as it lowers the energy required to move and stop the vehicle. Reducing...
Published 2017.03.07: Publication

U.S. EPA recall program for light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks

A recall program remains one of the most powerful tools to ensure that in-use vehicles remain in compliance. With many countries now thinking about the compliance and enforcement aspects of their...
Published 2017.02.08: Publication

NOx emissions from heavy-duty and light-duty diesel vehicles in the EU: Comparison of real-world performance and current type-approval requirements

More diesel vehicles are sold in Europe than in China, India, and all of the Americas combined—over 8.8 million in 2014 alone, more than double the sales in the next largest diesel market, China (...
Published 2017.01.05: Publication

Downsized, boosted gasoline engines

Of all the engine improvements considered when the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards were finalized by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the...
Published 2016.12.22: Publication

2020–2030 CO2 standards for new cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union

The European Commission is preparing to extend the European Union's CO2 emissions regulation for passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles out to 2025–2030. This briefing paper presents a concise...
Published 2016.11.21: Publication

Automotive thermal management technology

When the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards were finalized, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (...
Published 2016.11.15: Publication

Transmissions

In the technology analyses for the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic and Safety...
Published 2016.10.26: Publication

A technical summary of Euro 6/VI vehicle emission standards

This briefing paper looks closely at the Euro 6/VI vehicle emissions standards, which tighten the limits on air pollutant emissions established in prior European standards, and require the best...
Published 2016.07.01: Publication

CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: Car manufacturers’ performance in 2015

This briefing paper summarizes and analyzes preliminary data for 2015 recently released by the European Environment Agency (EEA) on CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU. The EEA data show...
Published 2016.06.22: Publication

Naturally Aspirated Engines

In the technology analysis for the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Transportation and...
Published 2016.06.21: Publication

On-board diagnostic (OBD) checks for inspection and maintenance in India

Poor air quality in India threatens the health of millions of people, and the country’s inspection and maintenance program, called Pollution Under Control (PUC), is struggling with outdated test...
Published 2016.06.07: Publication

Defeat devices under the U.S. and EU passenger vehicle emissions testing regulations

The paper aims to illuminate a paradox: Volkswagen and other automakers have asserted that software managing the emissions control systems on some of their vehicles, which they acknowledge either is...
Published 2016.03.22: Publication

Deficiencies in the Brazilian PROCONVE P-7 and the case for P-8 standards

DOWNLOAD PORTUGUESE VERSION (PDF) In January 2012, Brazil implemented the PROCONVE P-7 emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) to replace the previous P-5 standards (Euro III-equivalent)....
Published 2016.03.11: Publication

The European Real-Driving Emissions Regulation

Beginning in 2017, the European Union’s emissions type-approval procedure for passenger cars will include a new Real-Driving Emissions (RDE) test conducted using on-board portable emissions...
Published 2015.12.28: Publication

Effects of off-cycle credits on passenger vehicle efficiency in Brazil

In October 2012, Brazil’s Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade (MDIC) approved a policy to foster vehicle technology innovation and industrial competitiveness. Inovar-Auto provides...
Published 2015.11.11: Publication

Constant-speed fuel consumption testing of heavy-duty vehicles in India

As policymakers in India deliberate on how best to design a regulation to improve the efficiency of new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), one of the most critical issues is what test methods and duty...
Published 2015.11.09: Publication

Supporting the electric vehicle market in U.S. cities

This briefing encapsulates a recent ICCT report, Assessment of leading electric vehicle promotion activities in United States cities, which surveys actions being taken by state and local governments...
Published 2015.10.13: Publication

Policy solutions to reduce vehicle exhaust emissions under real-world driving conditions

Policymakers worldwide are looking for ways to address the challenge of controlling real-world emissions brought to forefront by the Volkswagen case. In this position brief, we propose a rapid and...
Published 2015.10.01: Publication

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