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Market surveillance of vehicle emissions: Best-practice examples with respect to the European Commission's proposed type-approval framework regulation

On January 27, 2016, the European Commission (EC) proposed a new motor vehicle type-approval framework that will, if adopted, make fundamental and far-reaching changes to the existing Framework...
Published 2017.07.13: Publication

Diesel Technology Developments

In the analyses for the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration...
Published 2017.07.10: Publication

Barriers to the adoption of fuel-saving technologies in the trucking sector

Freight trucks are the backbone of most economies, because they are responsible for a significant portion of goods movement. Although freight trucks make up a relatively small percentage of the on-...
Published 2017.07.07: Publication

CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: Car manufacturers' performance in 2016

The paper details manufacturers’ performance in terms of CO2 emissions reduction, fuel and technology trends, and market share. It focuses on differences between Member States and between the major...
Published 2017.07.03: Publication

Consumer benefits of increased efficiency in 2025-2030 light-duty vehicles in the U.S.

This paper estimates consumer costs and benefits of increasingly efficient light-duty vehicles in 2025 to 2030. It considers the impacts of adopted 2025 standards and the potential extension of fuel...
Published 2017.06.21: Publication

Update: California's electric vehicle market

This briefing summarizes data on the development of the electric vehicle market in California through 2016. It quantifies electric vehicle market growth across California cities and metropolitan...
Published 2017.05.31: Publication

Alternative jet fuel development and deployment in North America

International aviation GHG emissions from airline carriers based in Canada and the United States increased from 36.2 to 60.2 million tonnes (MtCO2e) per year from 1990 through 2015—and they are...
Published 2017.05.30: Publication

International competitiveness and the auto industry: What's the role of motor vehicle emission standards?

This paper reviews the political science, regulatory, and economics literature to illuminate the international competitiveness impacts of motor vehicle emission standards. The primary question the...
Published 2017.05.23: Publication

Effect of P-8 standards on bus system costs in Brazil

Brazil has controlled harmful pollutant emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), including trucks and buses, through a series of progressively more stringent vehicle emissions standards put in...
Published 2017.04.14: Publication

Lightweighting technology developments

Weight reduction is one of the most important methods to reduce vehicle carbon dioxide emissions and increase fuel economy, as it lowers the energy required to move and stop the vehicle. Reducing...
Published 2017.03.07: Publication

U.S. EPA recall program for light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks

A recall program remains one of the most powerful tools to ensure that in-use vehicles remain in compliance. With many countries now thinking about the compliance and enforcement aspects of their...
Published 2017.02.08: Publication

NOx emissions from heavy-duty and light-duty diesel vehicles in the EU: Comparison of real-world performance and current type-approval requirements

More diesel vehicles are sold in Europe than in China, India, and all of the Americas combined—over 8.8 million in 2014 alone, more than double the sales in the next largest diesel market, China (...
Published 2017.01.05: Publication

Downsized, boosted gasoline engines

Of all the engine improvements considered when the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards were finalized by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the...
Published 2016.12.22: Publication

2020–2030 CO2 standards for new cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union

The European Commission is preparing to extend the European Union's CO2 emissions regulation for passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles out to 2025–2030. This briefing paper presents a concise...
Published 2016.11.21: Publication

Automotive thermal management technology

When the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards were finalized, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (...
Published 2016.11.15: Publication

Transmissions

In the technology analyses for the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic and Safety...
Published 2016.10.26: Publication

A technical summary of Euro 6/VI vehicle emission standards

This briefing paper looks closely at the Euro 6/VI vehicle emissions standards, which tighten the limits on air pollutant emissions established in prior European standards, and require the best...
Published 2016.07.01: Publication

CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: Car manufacturers’ performance in 2015

This briefing paper summarizes and analyzes preliminary data for 2015 recently released by the European Environment Agency (EEA) on CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU. The EEA data show...
Published 2016.06.22: Publication

Naturally Aspirated Engines

In the technology analysis for the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety...
Published 2016.06.21: Publication

On-board diagnostic (OBD) checks for inspection and maintenance in India

Poor air quality in India threatens the health of millions of people, and the country’s inspection and maintenance program, called Pollution Under Control (PUC), is struggling with outdated test...
Published 2016.06.07: Publication

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